IAS Prelims Test Series 2021 Practice Test 28

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Practice Test 28

Q.1) which among the following is/are special features of Buddhism and the causes of its spread?

  1. In comparison to Brahmanism, Buddhism was liberal and democratic.
  2. All rulers of Magadha embraced Buddhism, which led to its rapid spread outside India into South-east Asia, China etc.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) With reference to the Buddhist stupas, consider the following statements:

  1. Events from the life of the Buddha, the Jataka stories, were depicted on the railings and gates (torans) of the stupas.
  2. The Sanchi stupa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was built during the Gupta period.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following pairs:

Councils : : President

  1. 1st Buddhist Council : : Vasumitra
  2. 2nd Jain Council : : Sthulabahu
  3. 3rd Buddhist Council : : Mogaliputta Tissa

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.4)  With reference to the Chronicles consider the following pairs:

Texts               :                      Information about

  1. Dipavamsa :           Lesser Chronicle
  2. Mahavamsa   :         Great Chronicle- beauty & vigour
  3. Culavamsa        :        Island Chronicles

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 3 only

Q.5) Consider the following about different religious ideologies:

  1. Buddhism does not believe in god but believe in soul.
  2. Mahavira believed in the past life and so accepted Varna system.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


Q.6) With reference to the Nalanda University, consider the following statements:

  1. It was founded by Skandagupta.
  2. Buddhist doctrines only related to Mahayana were taught here.
  3. Nalanda Style of Sculpture was heavily inspired by the Buddhist art at Sarnath.

Which of the statements given above are incorrect?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.7) With reference to the Udaigiri-Khandagiri caves of Odisha, consider the following statements:

  1. They have inscriptions of Pallava kings.
  2. The caves were made for Jain monks.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.8) Consider the statements with reference to Schools of Jainism and Buddhism:

  1. Vijnanvadin school (way of union) propounded by Asanga is related to Jainism.
  2. Brahamcharya (observe continence) was added by Mahavira into 4 right conduct of Parshvanath.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.9) With reference to the famous Ajanta Caves, consider the following statements:

  1. It is located in Maharashtra and has 22 caves only.
  2. The walls of the caves are decorated with images of Buddha and Bodhisattvas, the largest being the Mahaparinirvana image.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.10) Which of the following are famous for Jain temples?

  1. Dilwara temples
  2. Shravanbelagola
  3. Nagarjunkonda
  4. Ellora Caves

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 4 only
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q.11) With respect to the Buddhist canon, the Vinaya Pitaka contains:

  1. Dhamma discourses and sayings of Gautam Buddha in verse form.
  2. The philosophical and psychological interpretation of Buddhist doctrine.
  3. Rules to regulate the monastic life of the bhikkhus.
  4. Questions and answers about dhamma between King Milind and Nagsen.

Q.12) With respect to Bhakti Movement, consider the following statements:

  1. According to Advaita, Brahma, the only or Ultimate Reality, was formless and without any attributes.
  2. According to Dvaita, the soul even when united with the Supreme God remained distinct.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.13) Which of the following is not a part of Sangam literature?

  1. Ettuttokai
  2. Pattuppattu
  3. Tevaram
  4. Purannanuru

Q.14) Consider the following statement about Ghasi Das:

  1. He established Gaudiya Vaishnavism in current day Chhattisgarh.
  2. He opposed caste system and established new order for its removal.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.15) Which of the following temple inspire the current Parliament’s design?

  1. Virupaksha Temple, Karnataka
  2. Meenakshi Temple, Tamilnadu
  3. Nataraja Temple, Tamilnadu
  4. Chousath Yogini Temple, Madhya Pradesh

Q.16)  With reference to the Sangam society, consider the following pairs:

Location           :          Chief occupations

  1. Marudam :           Agriculture
  2. Neydal :           Fishing and salt manufacturing
  3. Kurinji :           Cattle-rearing and dairy products
  4. Mullai    :           Hunting and honey collection

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 4 only
  4. 2, 3 and 4 only

Q.17) Which one of the following drama of ancient India deals with the love affair of a poor Brahmin with the daughter of a courtesan?

  1. Mrichchhakaktika
  2. Abhijnanashakuntalam
  3. Malavikagnimitra
  4. Vikramuurvashiiya

Q.18) Consider the following statements about Francis Bernier:

  1. He wrote about prevalent Sati System.
  2. He was closely associated with the Mughal court, as a physician to Aurangzeb.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.19) Consider the following pairs:

Temple : : Patron

  1. The Papanatha temple, Pattadakal : : Chalukyas
  2. The Shore temple, Mahabalipuram : : Pallavas
  3. The Kailashanath temple, Kanchi : : Cholas

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.20) Consider the following about scientific developments in India:

  1. Chhandahshastra, written by Budhyana mention Pythagoras theorem.
  2. Varahmihir said that Moon rotated around earth and earth rotated around Sun.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.21) Arrange the following Capital cities from North to South?

  1. Vientiane
  2. Bangkok
  3. Hanoi
  4. Phnom Penh

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 – 3 – 2 – 4
  2. 3 – 1 – 2 – 4
  3. 1 – 3 – 4 – 2
  4. 3 – 1 – 4 – 2

Q.22) With reference to web-based application ‘Digital Ocean’, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a new state of the art data platform for Ocean Data Management.
  2. It is developed by Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS).
  3. It provides access to information only to Institutes of National Importance.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.23) Consider the following statements:

  1. Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is published by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  2. India is one of the Top 10 countries in the index.

Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.24) With reference to Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY Social Endeavour for Health and Telemedicine (SEHAT) scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. It extends health coverage to the residents of the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.
  2. The scheme provides free of cost insurance cover upto Rs. 5 lakh per family.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.25) Which of the following Union Territory was recently announced completely organic?

  1. Lakshadweep
  2. Daman and Diu
  3. Andaman and Nicobar
  4. Puducherry

Q.26) Japan’s Hayabusa2 is the Sample Return Mission to which of the following asteroids?

  1. Psyche
  2. Flyby
  3. Bennu
  4. Ryugu

Q.27) Consider the following statements regarding Zari-Zardozi crafts:

  1. It is an embroidery work done in white thread on cloth.
  2. Bhopal is one of the main zari production centres in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.28) Sometimes seen in news, the Bashan Char Island belongs to which of the following country?

  1. Myanmar
  2. Srilanka
  3. Bangladesh
  4. Thailand

Q.29) Which of the following financial instruments is/are traded in spot markets?

  1. Securities
  2. Currencies
  3. Commodities

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.30) Consider the following statements:

  1. India’s leopard population has increased by about 60 percent from the 2014 estimation as per the Status of Leopards in India, 2018 Report.
  2. Karnataka has the highest concentration of the leopard among States in India.
  3. Rajasthan was first state to launch a Project Leopard to mitigate human-leopard conflicts and conserving the leopard population.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Directions for the following 2 (two) questions:

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answer to these questions should be based on passage only

‘The person who tries to do everything achieves nothing.’ So, the real secret to getting things done is to know what things need to remain undone. To find the time to do what you should be doing in order to get where you are going, you must have the leadership focus on the worthy. You must develop a sense of tunnel vision for your highest leadership priorities. Once you do, you will never be the same again. Any pursuit that somehow advances you closer to the vision you have of the future is time well spent. Any task that actually gives you a solid return on the time invested and gets you nearer to the outcome you are ultimately aiming for should be considered. It’s like the old law you must have learned in business school that held that 20 percent of your activities deliver 80 percent of your production. So, focus on the things that count, those pursuits that are worthy, you implicitly say no to the unnecessary. You automatically simplify your leadership and streamline your life.

“It is like a Zen monk once said,’ Most people I know try to become cleverer every day, whereas I attempt to become more simple and uncomplicated every day. ‘The simpler your leadership focus, the more effective you will be.”

Q.31) In the passage the writer addresses with

  1. Leadership is something about leading people.
  2. Focusing on the production is the essence.
  3. Twenty percent of your activities deliver eighty percent of your production.
  4. Leaders should try to achieve everything.

Q.32) The main purpose of the first paragraph is to

  1. Describe leadership.
  2. Criticize the culture of leadership.
  3. Nature of leader ship.
  4. Secret of leadership.

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