IAS Prelims Test Series 2021 Practice Test 24

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Practice Test 24

Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect Adaption Gap Report 2020:

  1. It is released by UNFCCC.
  2. This report show positive development in area of Adoption by countries.
  3. Paris Agreement majorly focussed on Mitigation, while ignored the adaption.

Which of the above statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Solar Energy production in India:

  1. National Solar Production has set a target of 100 GW, of which 60% will be from solar rooftop.
  2. Currently, Energy from Solar Rooftop only comprises 40% of total solar production.
  3. Grid connected Rooftop solar programme are being implemented by DISCOMs.

Which of the following is/are correct statements?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding Global Climate Risk Index:

  1. It is released by Germanwatch.
  2. India was largest worst-hit country due to extreme weather.
  3. India had a highest economic loss in 2019 due to extreme weather events.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding Ammonia Pollution:

  1. Ammonia is a white-coloured highly reactive and insoluble alkaline gas.
  2. Agriculture is largest emitter of Ammonia.
  3. Reaction of Ammonia with other gas leads to formation of PM 2.5.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.5) Consider the following pairs of Hydrogen according to their process of extraction:

            Type of Hydrogen                   :           Process of Extraction

  1. Green Hydrogen :           Derived from Natural Gas
  2. Grey Hydrogen :           Derived using Fossil Fuel
  3. Blue Hydrogen :           Electrolysis of Water

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 2 and 3 only

Q.6) Consider the following statements:

  1. India is largest emitter of Sulphur oxide for fifth consecutive year.
  2. Sulphur emission is on decline since last year.
  3. Biggest contributor of Sulphur oxide in India is copper smelting plants.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.7) With reference to Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP), consider the following statements:

  1. This project is being implemented by Central Water Commission.
  2. This project also includes capacity building of Dam owners.
  3. This project is assisted by World Bank and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.8) Consider the following statements about Nitrogen Pollution:

  1. N2O is 300 times more potent as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide (CO2).
  2. Fossil-fuel burning — for power, transport and industry – is the largest emitter of Nitrogen oxide.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.9) Consider the following statement regarding India Water Resources Information System (India- WRIS):

  1. It was launched under National Hydrology Project.
  2. National Water Informatics Centre has been established to maintain and update India-WRIS.
  3. This portal also contains data regarding evapotranspiration and soil moisture.
  4. It is mandatory for every state to provide data regarding water usage under this portal.

Which of the above given statement are correct?

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 4 only
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only
  4. All of the above

Q.10) “Race to Zero” Campaign is organised by which of the following organisation?

  1. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  2. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
  3. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  4. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)


Q.11) Consider the following statements regarding Climate Ambition Alliance (CAC):

  1. It was led by India at 25th Conference of Party of UNFCCC.
  2. Under this CAC, targets are more ambitious than defined in Paris Agreement.
  3. This alliance includes regions, cities and investment companies.

Choose correct option from below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.12) Consider the following statements about afforestation measures taken by international organisation:

  1. Deforestation and forest degradation account for carbon emissions, more than the entire global transportation sector and energy sector.
  2. UN-REDD, launched by UNFCCC, incentivize country for sustaining forests.
  3. REDD+ focused to mitigate climate change through reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest management in developing countries.

Which of the above given statement are incorrect?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.13) Consider the following statements regarding “National Adaption Fund for Climate Change”:

  1. It was established in 2015 to meet the cost of adaption to climate change in particularly vulnerable States and Union Territories.
  2. The National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board (NAEB) is National Implementing Agency of this fund.

Which of the given statement is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.14) Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement are two significant measures to contain environment degradation. But there are differences in their approaches. Which of the following are some of those differences?

  1. Kyoto Protocol had differentiated between developed and developing countries, while there was not such differences in Paris Agreement.
  2. Kyoto Protocol has set binding target for some countries, while Paris Agreement has no such binding target.
  3. Kyoto Protocol’s objective is reduction of emission of 6 major Green House Gas, while Paris Agreement targets temperature control.

Choose correct option from below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.15) Consider the following statements about “The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)”:

  1. It was created by United Nation Environment Programme and World Meteorological Organisation in 1988.
  2. It does not conduct its own research.
  3. IPCC’s reports are neutral, but not policy prescriptive.

Which of the above statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.16) Consider the following statements regarding Emission Gap Report, 2020:

  1. India, China, Russia are expected to achieve the target mentioned in Paris Agreement.
  2. All member of G20 cumulatively emit more than 75% of Global GHG emission.
  3. Even if all unconditional commitments under Paris Agreement are implemented, temperature is expected to rise above 3 degree Celsius.

Which of the above statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.17) Consider the following statements about United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP):

  1. United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) is governing body of the UNEP.
  2. UNEP hosts Carpathian Convention.
  3. UNEP publishes Global Environment Outlook.

Which of the above statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.18) Consider the following statements regarding Climate Performance Index, 2020?

  1. It is released by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  2. This index assesses all the members of the UNEP.
  3. India for the first time entered in the top ten of the list.

Which of the above statement are incorrect?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.19) Consider the following statements regarding “Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition (CPLC)”:

  1. It is an initiative started by UNFCCC, under which all the signatory of convention are its members.
  2. It also bring business, civil society and academia and to understand carbon-pricing in better way.
  3. From India, Indian Railways and Delhi Metro Rail Corporation also have joined it.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.20) Which of the following Convention does not recognize Environmental refugee?

  1. New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, UNHCR
  2. The Global Compact on safe, orderly and regular migration
  3. Nansen Initiative Protection Agenda for Cross Border Displaced Persons
  4. UN Refugee Convention

Q.21) Consider the following pairs:

Military ExerciseCountry Involved
1.     SIMBEX-20Singapore
2.     SITMEX-20Thailand
3.     SLINEX-20Srilanka

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.22) The Moscow Declaration recently seen in news was adopted by which of the following organization?

  1. G20
  2. BRICS
  3. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
  4. Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)

Q.23) Consider the following statements:

  1. La Nina is the cold phase of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).
  2. La Nina occurs less frequently than El Nino.
  3. Strong La Nina events contribute to weaker monsoons and even droughts in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.24) With reference to Negative-yield bonds, consider the following statements:

  1. These are debt instruments that offer to pay the investor a maturity amount higher than the purchase price of the bond.
  2. These are issued by private companies only.
  3. These bonds attract investments during times of stress and uncertainty.

Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.25) The ‘AIM–Sirius Innovation Programme 3.0’ is a bilateral youth innovation initiative between India and which of the following?

  1. Switzerland
  2. Netherland
  3. UK
  4. Russia

Q.26) Consider the following statements regarding All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC):

  1. It was founded after Non-cooperation Movement was launched.
  2. It was formed to provide labour representation for India at the International Labor Organization (ILO).
  3. N M Joshi was the first general secretary of the AITUC.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.27) The Roridomyces phyllostachydis, a bioluminescent variety of mushroom was recently discovered in which of the following region?

  1. Northeast India
  2. Western Ghats
  3. Andaman and Nicobar islands
  4. Lakshadweep Islands

Q.28) With reference to Param Siddhi, consider the following statements:

  1. It is the high performance computing-artificial intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer established under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).
  2. It is ranked within Top 100 most powerful distributed computer systems in the world.
  3. It is developed jointly by Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.29) The GIS One District One Product (ODOP) digital map of India was recently launched by which of the following ministry?

  1. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  2. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
  3. Ministry of Food Processing
  4. Ministry of social justice and empowerment

Q.30) With reference to UN Sanitation and Hygiene Fund consider the following statements:

  1. It is a global financing mechanism for countries with high burden of diseases stemming from lack of sanitation services.
  2. It is hosted by the World Bank.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.31) The length, breadth and height of a room are in the ratio 3:2:1. If the breadth and height are halved while the length is doubled, then the total area of the four walls of the room will

  1. decrease by 13.64%
  2. decrease by 15%
  3. decrease by 18.75%
  4. decrease by 30%

Q.32) In a village, 60% of registered voters cast their votes in the election. Only two candidates (A and B) were contesting the election. A won the election by 600 votes. Had B received 40% more votes, the result would have been a tie. How many registered voters are there in the village?

  1. 4000
  2. 3500
  3. 3000
  4. 3250

Q.33) The sum of the radius and height of a cylinder is 42 cm. Its total surface area is 3,696 cm2. What is the volume of a cylinder?

  1. 17,428 cubic cm
  2. 17,248 cubic cm
  3. 17,244 cubic cm
  4. 17,444 cubic cm

Directions for the following 2 (two) questions:

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answer to these questions should be based on passage only

Rag-pickers go in the early hours of every day throughout the city, harmoniously and mutually agreeing upon each ones territory, travel around 8-10kms, bend at least 1000 times and collect 15-20kgs of recyclable waste with their bare hands, and carry that in large bags on their head and shoulders.

In Ahmedabad alone, there are 40,000 such women collecting nearly 8,00,000 kgs of recyclable waste every day. Due to their efforts, this immense amount of recyclable waste reaches a recycling unit, which translates into saving of nearly 2,400,000kgs CO2 from being emitted into the Environment. Because they do such a vital service to both society and the environment, we call them Paryavaran Mitra (PM) (Friends of the Environment).

Q.34) What is the central theme of the passage?

  1. Ahmedabad and its rag-pickers
  2. Rag-pickers and their life
  3. Solid Waste Management
  4. Women and their hardships

Q.35) Women are referred as Paryavaran Mitra because

  1. They work in early hours of the morning every day
  2. They carry so much load of waste on their head and shoulder
  3. They are illiterate and therefore doing the work of rag-picking
  4. They do immense service to both society and Environment by virtue of their

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