IAS Prelims Test Series 2021 Practice Test 5

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Practice Test 5

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Big Bang Theory:

  1. The model describes how the universe expanded from an initial state of extremely high density and low temperature.
  2. According to this theory, Galaxies are still drifting apart.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about “Standard Model of Particle Physics”:

  1. This model does not include electromagnetic forces.
  2. This theory is a complete theory of fundamental interaction.

 Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Which of the following is incorrect about Higgs Boson?

  1. It is caused by Quantum excitation.
  2. Large Hadron Collider is experiment related to Higgs Boson.
  3. It is a subatomic particle.
  4. Electric Charge on it is +1 e.

Q.4) Consider the following statements about ‘Neutrino’:

  1. Neutrino has mass larger than other elementary particle.
  2. Neutrino generally gets detected while passing through normal matter.

Which of the above statements are not correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 and 2

Q.5) With reference to “Gravitational Wave”, consider the following statements:

  1. Albert Einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves in 1916 in his general theory of relativity.
  2. Pulsar Radio emission’s study has confirmed the Einstein’s Prediction.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 and 2

Q.6) Consider following statements regarding Dark Matter –

  1. Dark matter is an Anti-matter.
  2. Universe comprises of 68% dark energy and 27% of dark matter.

Select the correct answer using the code below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.7) Consider the following statements about Black Hole:

  1. Black Hole is very dense object through which only light can escape.
  2. Astronauts observe Black holes directly by detecting X-ray or other form of Electromagnetic Radiation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.8) Consider the following statements about Space orbits:

  1. Satellites in Low Earth Orbit do not have to follow a particular path.
  2. Satellites have more available routes in Geo Stationary orbit than Lower Earth Orbits.
  3. Satellites in Polar Earth Orbit usually travel past Earth from north to south.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 2 and 3 only

Q.9) Consider the following statements about GSLV Mk – II:

  1. It is a four staged vehicle mainly used to send satellites in Geostationary Orbit.
  2. First two stages uses solid rocket motor, second stage using liquid fuel and final stage using cryogenic engine.

Choose correct statement from the below given options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 not 2

Q.10) Explosive death of the star which often result in star obtaining the brightness of 100 million suns for the short time is known as

  1. Nova
  2. Supernova
  3. Nebula
  4. White dwarf

Q.11) Consider the following statements about Venus:

  1. It is brightest planet in the solar system.
  2. Venus has no atmosphere as gravity is too weak to hold down a normal atmosphere.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.12) Consider the following statements about “Kuiper Belt”.

  1. It is a donut-shaped region of icy bodies closest to the orbit of Uranus.
  2. First mission to explore the Kuiper belt is New Horizons.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.13) Which of the following is incorrect about Exoplanets?

  1. These planets are certainly liveable.
  2. Ploonets are a type of Exoplanet, which are detached moons of other planets.
  3. 51 Pegasi b was the first Exoplanet discovered by Mayor and Queloz in December, 1995.
  4. As of 2019, more than 4000 exoplanets are discovered.

Q.14) Consider the following statements about ‘Satellite series of ISRO’s’:

  1. Indian National Satellite (INSAT) is a type of Earth observation satellite.
  2. RESOURCESAT is placed in geostationary orbit, which enable it to communicate over large distances.

Which of the above statements is/are NOT correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 and 2

Q.15) With reference to “GSAT -30”, consider the following statements:

  1. It is going to replace INSAT -4A with enhanced coverage.
  2. Launch vehicle used to launch this mission was GSLV-Mk III.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 and 2

Q.16) Hyper spectral Imaging can be used in –

  1. Identification of Weeds
  2. Evaluation of Ripeness of crops
  3. Tracking water Quality
  4. Wound Healing
  5. Characterize Food quality

Select the correct answer using the code below:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 5 only
  3. 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
  4. All of the above

Q.17) Consider the following statements about IRNSS:

  1. With IRNSS, India became the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
  2. IRNSS will replace GPS in Indian Ocean up to 5000 km from the boundaries.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.18) Consider the following statements about Indian Data Relay Satellite System (IDRSS):

  1. IDRSS will be placed in Low Earth Orbit.
  2. It is to facilitate relay of information between various Indian spacecraft, in-flight launch vehicle monitoring and assist Indian Human Spaceflight Programme.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.19) Consider the following statements about NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR)

  1. Both NASA and ISRO will share cost equally.
  2. It will be placed in Geostationary Orbit for larger coverage of earth.

Choose correct statement from the below given options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 not 2

Q.20) Consider the following statements about Space debris:

  1. Currently, there is no binding international legal rule which prohibits the creation of space debris.
  2. Outer Space Treaty bars the states party to the treaty from placing weapons of mass destruction in Earth orbit.
  3. RemoveDEBRIS Mission is mission to remove debris from space, led by NASA.

Choose the correct option from the options given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. All of the above

Q.21) With reference to Export Preparedness Index (EPI) 2020, consider the following statements:

  1. Ministry of Commerce and Industry releases the Index.
  2. Among the landlocked states, Rajasthan has topped the index followed by Telangana.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.22) The Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative (IPOI) is centered around which of the following pillars?

  1. Trade connectivity and maritime transport
  2. Maritime security
  3. Disaster risk reduction and management
  4. Climate resilience and Sustainability
  5. Science and Technology cooperation

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
  2. 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
  3. 3, 4 and 5 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q.23) With reference to National Recruitment Agency (NRA), consider the following statements:

  1. It is registered as a society under Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  2. It is a testing agency which would conduct the Common Eligibility Examination (CET) for gazetted Group B and C posts.
  3. NRA conducts CET in all the 22 scheduled languages.

Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.24) Consider the following statements about Warli Paintings:

  1. It is a traditional art form of Maharashtra.
  2. It depicts mythological characters or images of deities.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.25) Consider the following statements regarding Agriculture Infrastructure Fund:

  1. It is a Central Sector Scheme under Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
  2. It provides short to medium term debt financing facility.
  3. Only post harvest management projects are eligible for finances under it.

Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.26) The Galapagos Islands is a part of which of the following country?

  1. Chile
  2. Brazil
  3. Colombia
  4. Ecuador

Q.27) Recently, for the first time in our country, which of the following states has declared a particular mangrove as ‘State mangrove tree’?

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Odisha
  3. Maharashtra
  4. West Bengal

Q.28) Which of the following Convention of International Labour Organization (ILO) has become the first international labour standard ever to achieve universal ratification?

  1. Minimum Age Convention (No.138)
  2. Worst forms of Child Labour Convention (No.182)
  3. Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (No.105)
  4. Equal Remuneration Convention (No.100)

Q.29) With reference to 6th schedule of Indian Constitution, consider the following statements:

  1. Tribal areas constituted as autonomous districts fall outside the executive authority of the State concerned.
  2. The Governor of the State is empowered to organise and re-organise the autonomous districts.
  3. Majority of the members of Autonomous District Council are elected on the basis of adult franchise.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.30) Which of the following statements regarding National Council for Transgender Persons is NOT correct?

  1. It is a statutory body.
  2. The Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment is the ex-officio Chairman of the Council.
  3. Both transgender community and experts from non-governmental organisations are represented in the Council.
  4. The members of the council shall hold office for a term of five years.

Q.31) A certain number of horses and an equal number of men are going somewhere. Half of the owners are on their horses’ back while the remaining ones are walking along leading their horses. If the number of legs walking on the ground is 70, how many horses are there?

  1. 8
  2. 10
  3. 12
  4. 14

Q.32) Two bus tickets from city A to B and three tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 77 but three tickets from city A to B and two tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 73. What are the fares for cities B and C from A?

  1. 17 Rs and 15 Rs
  2. 13 Rs and 17 Rs
  3. 17 Rs and 13 Rs
  4. 15 Rs and 17 Rs

Directions for the following 3 (three) items:

Read the following passage and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based in the passage only.

Dryland farming refers to the agricultural technique where the cultivation of crops is dependent on natural rainfall. Dryland farming, while accounting for 73 per cent of the cultivated area in India contributes only about 42 per cent of the food grains produced. This is primarily because this form of cultivation has not been accorded the level of priority it deserves, either by agricultural scientists, or by the government. Dryland farming is cultivation of land which derives water only through rains. Hence, an understanding of rainfall patterns and land characteristics is crucial for optimizing use of available water for Dryland crops. The Planning Commission is yet to detail a concrete target-oriented approach towards boosting productivity of Dryland Farming Areas of India. It is now feared that food imbalances would persist unless cultivation of oilseeds, pulses and coarse grains is stepped up in dry areas.

Significantly enough, the few Dryland projects sponsored by the Central Government, have yielded encouraging results. Schemes to popularize the use of seeds of improved varieties, fertilizer drills and plant protection measures were launched. It is also true that while the required knowledge and methodology for Dryland farming are available in the country, these have not reached the farmer at the grassroots level. This is because of the lack of extension services in the States. State Governments have not shown much interest in promoting Dryland farming, which they seem to consider as the exclusive responsibility of the Centre. Agricultural experts believe this form of cultivation holds great promise in increasing the country’s food grains output. It needs to be borne in mind that even after full exploitation of the irrigation potential available, 50 per cent of India’s cultivable land would still depend upon rains.  In this context, greater attention has to be paid to the less developed regions so that agricultural prosperity is evenly distributed and the consequent increase in purchasing power of the farming community plays a supportive role for industrial advance. The chances of good crops increase with the usage of proper fertilizers and pesticides. The farmers need to be educated regarding the benefits of fertilizers. Studies have revealed that enthusiasm in adoption of better quality fertilizers and pesticides has slackened because farmers cannot be convinced that investment in costly inputs could be profitable in dryland regions also. It has been proved that intercropping combinations with improved seeds, fertilizers and soil management are the most profitable and stable means of increasing yield and crop intensities for Dryland agriculture.

In purely geographic terms, India holds 13 per cent of the world’s semi-arid areas and quite a sizeable population resides in these regions. As such, the thrust of its agricultural program has necessarily been on preserving soil moisture and preventing wastage of pond water. Tillage and planting operations, establishing optimum plant population levels, scientific weed control and efficient use of fertilizers are equally significant. Scientists have also devised contingency plans for dryland to meet the challenges of aberrant weather. These plans call for instant change of crops. It would be necessary to set up buffer banks to make available alternative crop seeds. As rain water has to seep into the soil through the surface, the land has to be kept open for receiving more and more moisture. Leveled and weeds free land: It should also be free of weeds, and leveled, wherever necessary, so that the maximum amount of rain water seeps into the soil.

Q.33) The purpose of Dryland farming in India is to – give the significant reason(s) using the options below.

  1. Tillage and planting operations.
  2. Establishing optimum plant population levels.
  3. Scientific weed control and efficient use of fertilizers.
  4. India holds semi-arid areas and sizeable populations.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 4 only
  4. All of above

Q.34) According to the passage – Dryland farming thus needs to be given a complete scientific orientation and obtaining better results in a regime where there is too little utilization of irrigation potential. According to these lines what would is/are the expectation(s) can be helpful achieving significantly is/are

  1. Increased production would bring down prices
  2. The government’s burden of food grains subsidy would be reduced
  3. Public distribution system would become redundant
  4. Food balance would persist.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 and 4 only
  3. All of above
  4. None of above

Q.35) According to the passage lack of the extension services in the states, what is the very important thing(s) is/are not been done. (Select the valid reason of lacking).

  1. Education of farmers at grassroots levels.
  2. Lack of Encouragement of dry land farming by state government.
  3. Lacking of sponsorship
  4. Popularizing of schemes.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 4 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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