IAS Prelims Test Series 2021 Practice Test 12

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Practice Test 12

Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect to comparison between Ecosystem and Biome:

  1. Biome has large geographical area while Ecosystem has small area.
  2. Ecosystem contains large number of biome within it.
  3. All the animals and organism in ecosystem may interact with each other while this is not the case with biome.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Biome:

  1. Biomes are greatly influenced by latitudes.
  2. Two biomes can be alike and can have same type of animals and vegetation.
  3. Climate determines the boundaries between biomes and abundance of plant and species found in each of them.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.3) Which one of the following is the correct sequence of levels of organisation in ecology?

  1. Ecosystem – Biome – Biosphere – Community
  2. Community – Biome – Ecosystem – Biosphere
  3. Community – Ecosystem – Biome – Biosphere
  4. Biosphere – Community – Biome – Ecosystem

Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding Tundra Biome

  1. There are no trees in Tundra biome.
  2. Reptiles and amphibians are almost absent there.
  3. It is considered as world’s largest land biome since it extends across North America and Eurasia.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.5) Consider the following biomes and dominant flora and fauna found there:

            (Biomes) : : (Flora and Fauna)

  1. Savanah  : : Cheetah, hyena and Grasses
  2. Tundra : : Lichens and amphibians
  3. Desert : : Reptiles and cacti
  4. Taiga : : Spruce, Fir and Siberian Tiger

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1, 3 and 4 only
  4. All of the above

Q.6) Consider the following statements about Desert Biome:

  1. Desert humidity is usually so high that not enough water vapour exists to form clouds.
  2. Animals and birds usually have long legs to keep the body away from the hot ground.
  3. Atacama desert of South America is a coastal desert.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.7) With reference to Podzols, consider the following statements:

  1. They are typical soil of coniferous or boreal biome.
  2. They are mostly used for grazing purposes.

Choose correct option from below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1and 2
  4. None of the above

Q.8) With reference to ecology, the term ‘Nekton’ means

  1. Group of animals which are swimmers
  2. Unattached organism which live at air water interface.
  3. Organism found living in the bottom of water mass.
  4. Organisms which remain attached to stems and leaves of rooted plants

Q.9) Which of the following statements with reference to Aquatic ecosystem is/are incorrect?

  1. Presence of large amounts of nutrients increases the water quality and increases the population of living organism in water.
  2. Fresh water ecosystem has salt content higher than 20 ppt and less than 35 ppt.
  3. Aquatic biomes are typically classified by vegetation types.

Choose the correct code from the given options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.10) ‘It is the maximum numbers of individuals of a given species that an area resource can sustain indefinitely without significantly degrading those resources’.

Identify the correct term associated with above statement:

  1. Biotic Potential
  2. Carrying capacity
  3. Logistics growth
  4. Optimum population

Q.11) With reference to Ocean Acidification, consider the below statements:

  1. As the uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide by the ocean increases, the concentration of hydrogen ions in the ocean decreases.
  2. As the uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide by the ocean increases, the concentration of carbonate ions decreases and the pH of the oceans decreases.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.12) Mammals of the Tundra are generally equipped with special characteristic to be protected from chilliness. Which of the following are such characteristics?

  1. Large body size
  2. Small tail
  3. Large ear

Choose appropriate option:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.13) Consider the below statements with reference to Eutrophication:

  1. Eutrophication decreases the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water bodies.
  2. The pH level of ocean increases due to Euthrophication and Acid Rain.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.14) Consider the following statements about the “Ocean Deoxygenation”:

  1. It means that ocean is increasingly experiencing low level of Oxygen.
  2. Cooler water is one of the reasons to increase the phenomenon of Ocean Deoxygenation, as it lowers demands of Oxygen.
  3. Anoxic waters increase the process of Climate change.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.15) Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017 defines wetlands which will be regulated. Which of the following wetland will not be regulated under given rule?

  1. River channels
  2. Paddy fields
  3. Some categories of Human-made water bodies
  4. Protected Areas
  5. Areas falling within the purview of Coastal Zone Regulation

Choose the correct Statement:

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 2,3 , 4 and 5 only
  4. All of the above

Q.16) Following are the given pair of wetlands and their location:

Wetlands                                            :           location

  1. Sarsai Nawar Jheel :           Maharashtra
  2. Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve : Uttar Pradesh
  3. Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary :           Uttar Pradesh
  4. Asan Conservation Reserve :           Uttarakhand

Which of the above given pairs are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 and 4 only
  3. 2,3 and 4 only
  4. All of the above

Q.17) Sonneratia alba recently seen in news is related to:

  1. Invasive Alien species
  2. Medicinal plants of Himalayas
  3. Biofuel generating exotic species
  4. Type of Mangrove tree

Q.18) Global Coral Reef R&D Accelerator Platform has been launched by:

  1. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
  2. International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI)
  3. G20
  4. UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Q.19) Consider the following statements about Coral Reefs:

  1. They provide accurate records of Climate Change.
  2. The highest density of Coral reefs in India is on its eastern coast.
  3. Global Coral Reef Alliance (GCRA) is a non-for profit organization initiated by UNEP to conserve Coral Reefs.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.20) Which of the following are said to be the effects of Eutrophication?

  1. It changes the nature of water body to marsh due to creation of detritus layer
  2. It may lead to the invasion of new species
  3. It leads to the loss of coral reefs

Choose the correct code

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.21) With reference to Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI), which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is an approach that helps a country to ensure that it has diversified its supply risk across a clutch of supplying nations.
  2. Japan has mooted the SCRI as a trilateral approach to trade, with India and Australia as the key-partners.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.22) With reference to recently flight tested Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV), consider the following statements:

  1. It is an unmanned scramjet vehicle.
  2. India became the fourth country to have demonstrated this technology.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.23) The National Strategy for Financial Education (NSFE) for the period 2020-2025 has been prepared by which of the following?

  1. Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
  2. Department of Financial Services
  3. National Informatics Centre (NIC)
  4. National Centre for Financial Education (NCFE)

Q.24) Consider the following pairs:

Naval Exercise of Indian NavyCountry involved
1.     INDRAFrance
2.     PASSEXUSA
3.     JIMEXJapan

Which of the pairs given above are incorrectly matched?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

Q.25) The Osaka declaration sometimes seen in news is related to which of the following?

  1. Digital Economy
  2. Carbon Capture and Storage
  3. Biodiversity Conservation
  4. Sustainable Modes of Transport

Q.26) With reference to Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM), consider the following statements:

  1. GTAM will provide an exclusive platform for long-term trading of Renewable Energy.
  2. Transactions through GTAM will be bilateral in nature.
  3. Energy scheduled through GTAM contract shall be considered as deemed Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPO) compliance of the buyer.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.27) India has launched Green Strategic Partnership for delivering sustainable solutions with which of the following country?

  1. United Kingdom
  2. Germany
  3. France
  4. Denmark

Q.28) With reference to State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a Constitutional Fund.
  2. Majority of SDRF allocation is contributed by the Central Government.
  3. States can spend upto 50 percent of SDRF for COVID-19 relief.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.29) Which of the following regions is recently declared as Protected Special Agriculture Zone?

  1. Lower Gangetic Plain Region
  2. Cauvery Delta
  3. Krishna Godavari Basin
  4. Punjab Plain

Q.30) With reference to Domestic Systemically Important Insurers (D-SIIs), which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

  1. D-SIIs shall be listed on a biennial basis.
  2. D-SIIs are identified by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).
  3. D-SIIs are subjected to enhanced regulatory supervision.
  4. Distress or failure of D-SIIs would cause a significant dislocation in the domestic financial system.

Directions for the following 2 (two) items:

Read the following passage and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based in the passage only.

The Indian middle class consist of so many strata that it defies categorisation under a single term class, which would imply a considerable degree of homogeneity. Yet two paradoxical features characterise its conduct fairly uniformly; extensive practice and intensive abhorrence of corruption. In the several recent surveys of popular perceptions of corruptions, politicians of course invariably and understandably top the list, closely followed by bureaucrats, policemen, lawyers, businessmen and others. The quintessential middle class, if teachers do not figure high on this priority list, it is not for lack of trying, but for lack of opportunities. Over the years, the sense of shock over acts of corruption in the middle class has witnessed a steady decline, as its ambitions for a better material life have soared but the resources for meeting such ambitions have not kept pace. What is fascinating however is the intense yearning of this class for a clean corruption less politics and society, a yearning that has again and again surfaced with any figure public or obscure, focus on his mission of eradicating corruption. Even the repeated failure of this promise on virtually every man’s part has not subjected it to the law of diminishing returns.

Q.31) The intense Middle Class intensely yearns for

  1. better material resources
  2. better material resources
  3. clean honest society
  4. law of increasing returns

Q.32) Teachers are not high on the list of corruption because they do not have

  1. courage
  2. opportunities
  3. support
  4. ambition

Q.33) The salaries A, B, C are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 5. If the increments of 15%, 10% and 20% are allowed respectively in their salaries, then what will be new ratio of their salaries?

  1. 3 : 3 : 10
  2. 10 : 11 : 20
  3. 23 : 33 : 60
  4. Cannot be determined

Q.34) What is the speed of the train?

Statement I: The train crosses a signal pole in 18 seconds.

Statement II: The train crosses a platform of equal length in 36 seconds.

Statement III: Length of the train is 330 metres.

  1. Statement I and II only are sufficient
  2. Statement II and III only are sufficient
  3. Statement I and III only are sufficient
  4. Statement III and either Statements I or II are sufficient

Q.35) A person covered a distance from P to Q at a speed of 40 kmph. On the return journey, he covered three-fifths of the distance in two-third of the time he took to cover from P to Q. At what speed should he travel to complete the remaining journey from Q to P, in the remaining time?

  1. 45 km/hr
  2. 48 km/hr
  3. 54 km/hr
  4. 61 km/hr

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