UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Geography Optional Test 4 English

UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Test Series for Geography Optional Test 4: UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Test Series for General studies: UPHESC Assistant Professor Recruitment 2021- Uttar Pradesh Higher Education Services Commission has started accepting online application form for 2003 vacancies for Assistant Professor Posts on its official website @uphesconline.org from 27th February 2021. The notice includes the dates and events for UPHESC recruitment. UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Geography Optional Test 4.

UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam 2021 Test Series for Geography Optional and General Studies– Click here

U. P. HIGHER EDUCATION SERVICES COMMISSION, PRAYAGRAJ

 Syllabus – General Knowledge / General Studies – Click here – download

Syllabus – Optional – Geography – Click here – download

Important Point: Those aspirants/students joined this programme will get the answer key / detailed solution on the same day of test in the evening (between 8 PM to 10 PM). ignore if you have already joined.

Pick your Pen and Paper, attempt the questions exactly like UPHESC Exam (UPHESC Assistant Professor Exam is not computer based). If you want to know your ranking send us your OMR / Answer Sheet to : [email protected] or in the comment section. “Be honest with yourself”

Click here – download OMR Sheet


1. What is the correct sequence of the following oceans in descending order of their areas?

A)  Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean

B)  Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean

C)  Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean and Indian Ocean

D)  Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean and Arctic Ocean

2. What is the correct sequence of features on the sea floor starting from the coast to greater depths?

A)  Continental shelf, continental slope, continental rise, abyssal plain

B)  Abyssal plain, continental rise, continental slope, continental shelf

C)  Continental slope, continental rise, abyssal plain, continental shelf

D)  Continental rise, continental slope, continental shelf, abyssal plain

3. Consider the following statements:

1. Spring tides occur at the time of full moon.
2. Neap tides occur at the time of new moon.

A)  Only 1 is correct

B)  Only 2 is correct

C)  Both 1 and 2 are correct

D)  Neither 1 nor 2 is correct

4. The diurnal tides occur in?

1. Gulf of Tomkins and Thailand
2. Java Sea
3. Bismarck and Solomon Sea N and E island’ of New Guinea
4. Along much of the Pacific coast

A)  Only 1 is incorrect

B)  1 and 2 are incorrect

C)  3 and 4 are incorrect

D)  Only 4 is incorrect

5. Which is the correct sequence in descending order of tidal range in the Pacific Ocean?

A)  Cape Horn, Yokohama, Honolulu, That

B)  Yokohama, Honolulu, That, Cape Horn

C)  Honolulu, That, Cope Horn, Yokohama

D)  That, Cape Horn, Yokohama, Honolulu

6. Which of the following conditions is not suitable for the occurrence of a tidal bore?

A)  Narrow, low-lying shallow, constrict coastal river with gentle slope

B)  A narrow bay with tapering head

C)  A small tide with wave height less than 2 meters

D)  Decreasing depth of water with increasing distance inland from the coast

7. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  Atlantic Ocean is the youngest of all the oceans.

B)  Pacific Ocean has larger number of islands than any other ocean of the world.

C)  No part of the mid Atlantic Ridge emerges out of the ocean water.

D)  North Indian Ocean is characterized by seasonal reversal of direction of its currents.

8. Which of the following is not the major cause of tsunamis in the ocean?

A)  Earthquakes    

B)  Volcanoes

C)  Landslides        

D)  Cyclones

9. Consider the following statements:

1. Tsunamis have very short wave length and high amplitude in the deep sea.

2. As the tsunamis reach the coast, their wave length increases and amplitude decreases.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

10. Consider the following statements

1. Pacific is the most vulnerable ocean with respect to tsunamis.

2. India has developed a perfect tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean. Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2   

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

11. Which of the following countries suffered maximum loss of life by the tsunami in the Indian Ocean on 26th December 2004?

A)  India                           

B)  Sri Lanka

C)  Indonesia     

D)  Thailand

12. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  A fringing reef lies close to the shore.

B)  A barrier reef is separated from land by a lagoon.

C)  World’s largest barrier reef lies along the coast of New South Wales in Australia.

D)  An atoll is a ring shaped island.

13. Consider the following statements regarding barrier reefs:

1. Barrier reefs are separated from the mainland by a lagoon.
2. Landward slope of a barrier reef is steeper than its seaward slope.
3. Barrier reefs are always found as continuous chain.
4. The surface of barrier reef is composed of boulders, coral debris and sand deposits

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2           

B)  2 and 3

C)  3 and 4           

D)  1 and 4

14. Which of the following have coral reefs?

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
2. Gulf of Kachch
3. Gulf of Mannar
4. Sunderbans

Select the Answer using the codes given below:

A)  1, 2 and 3 only  

B)  2 and 4 only

C)  1, 3 and 4 only              

D)  1, 2, 3 and 4

15. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

Table I (Theory of origin of coral reefs)Table II (Propounders)
1. Subsidence TheoryDarwin
2. Standstill TheoryDana              
3. Glacial TheoryDaly              

Code:                                      

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2 and 3 only        

C)  1 and 3 only   

D)  1, 2 and 3        

16. The largest coral reef in the world is found near the coast of which of the following countries?    

A)  Australia       

B)  Cuba

C)  Ghana             

D)  Philippines

17. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  All unconsolidated materials deposited on the ocean floor are known as ocean deposits.

B)  Temgenous deposits have their source over the land areas.

C)  Pelagic deposits are derived from the sea.

D)  Meteoric dust is the main source of ocean deposits,                                

18. Which of the following is the correct sequence of deposits on the continental shelf from coast to deeper sea?

A) Gravel, sand, sandy mud, mud

B)  Sand, gravel, sandy mud, mud

C)  Sandy mud, mud, sand, gravel

D)  Mud, sandy mud, gravel, sand

19. Consider the following statements with regard to ocean deposits:

1. Organic deposits originate in the ocean itself.
2. Blue mud is the most widely spread of all the mud’s
3. Calcareous deposits consist of remains of those animals which have high proportion of lime.

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2 and 3 only

C)  2 and 3 only    

D)  1, 2 and 3

20. Which of the following statements regarding mangroves is not correct?

A)  They are found in low muddy coasts of tropical and subtropical regions.

B)  They can survive both in fresh water and salty sea water

C)  They do not provide any timber wood.

D)  Sundari in the Sunderbans delta is a typical example of mangrove vegetation.

21. Consider the following statements:

1. Exclusive economic zone extends to a distance of 200 nautical miles.
2. High seas can be used only by the concerned nation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only     

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

22. Consider the following countries:

1. Denmark
2. Japan
3. Russian Federation
4. United Kingdom
5. United States of America

Which of the above are the members of the ‘Arctic Council’?

A)  1, 2 and 3       

B)  2, 3 and 4

C)  1, 4 and 5        

D)  1, 3 and 5

23. Consider the following pairs:

List I (Sea)List II (Ocean)
1. Kara SeaAtlantic Ocean
2. Baltic SeaArctic Ocean
3. Weddell SeaSouthern Ocean
4. Coral Sea   Pacific Ocean

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2 and 3 only

C)  3 and 4 only    

D)  None

24. Match List I with List II and select the Answer using the codes given below:

List I (Sea)              List II (Country)
A. Black Sea       1.  Bulgaria
B. Red Sea       2. China
C. Yellow Sea     3.  Eritrea
D. Caspian Sea    4. Kazakhstan

A) A-1                B-2      C-4       D-3

B) A-2                B-3      C-1       D-4

C) A-1                B-3      C-2       D-4

D) A-2                B-4      C-1       D-3

25. Consider the following statements regarding continental shelves:

1. They have gentle slope and they extend up to 200m depth.
2. They are quite wide where mountains are close and parallel to the coast.
3. They are narrow where there are wide plains near the coast.
4. The widest continental is off the Arctic coast of Siberia.

A)  1 and 2 are true            

B)  2 and 3 are true

C)  3 and 4 are true            

D)  1 and 4 are true

26. Consider the following statements:

1. Continental shelf is that part of the continents which has submerged under the sea
2. Continental shelves can be a great source of minerals in the world
3. Continental shelves are devoid of any form of plant and animal life
4. Width of the continental shelves in inversely proportional to their slope

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  1, 2 and 3 only

C)  1, 2 and 4 only  

D)  1, 2, 3 and 4

27. Consider the following statements regarding continental shelves:

1. They can extend up to a depth of 100 fathoms.
2. They extend between coast and continental slope.
3. They cover more than 10 per cent of the sea surface area.
4. Maximum width of the continental shelf is found in the Atlantic Ocean.

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2 and 3 only

C)  1,2 and 3 only              

D)  1, 2, 3 and 4

28. Consider the following oceans:

1. Pacific Ocean
2. Atlantic Ocean
3. Indian Ocean

Which of the following is the correct descending order with respect to the percentage of area covered by continental shelves to the total area in individual oceans?

A)  1, 2, 3                         

B)  2, 1, 3

C)  1, 3, 2                         

D) 3, 2, 1

29. Consider in following statements regarding continental slope:

1. It is an area of steep slope between continental shelf and deep sea plain
2. It is a part of the continental margin covered by the ocean water.
3. Continental slopes may have deep sea fan at its base.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  3 only                         

D)  1, 2 and 3

30. Consider the following oceans with respect to extent of continent slopes:

A)  Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean

B)  Pacific ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean

C)  Atlantic ocean, Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean

D)  Indian ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean Which of the above is the correct sequence in descending order of percentage of area occupied by continental slopes in the respective oceans?

31. Consider the following pairs:

List IList II
(Ocean Floor Feature)(Percentage of Ocean Area)
1. Continental Shelves7.6
2. Continental Slopes8.5
3. Abyssal plains75.9

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

A)  3 only                         

B)  2 and 3 only

C)  1 and 3 only                

D)  1, 2 and 3

32. Consider the following statements:

1. Seamounts are isolated steep submarine hills
2. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are parts of seamounts projecting above the sea level.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only    

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

33. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  Generally continental shelves are wider in front of river mouths

B)  Geologically continental slope is a part of oceanic crust

C)  Beyond the continental shelf and continental slope, there is continental rise

D)  Mid oceanic ridges are the results of spreading of sea floor.

34. Match list I with list II

List I               List II
(Islands)            (Location)
A. Marshal        1. South Pacific Ocean
B, Tonga         2. North Pacific Ocean
C. Cape Verde     3. North Atlantic Ocean
D. Crozet         4. South Indian Ocean

A) A-2                B-1      C-3       D-4

B) A-1                B-2      C-3       D-4

C) A-3                B-4      C-2       D-1

D) A-4                B-3      C-1       D-2

35. Match list I with list II and select Answer using the codes given below

List I             List II
(Ocean Trench)       (Ocean)
A. South Sandwich1. Southern Ocean
B. Aleutian Trench2. South Pacific Ocean
C. Kermadec Trench3. North Pacific
D. Sunda Trench   4. South Indian Ocean

A) A-1                B-3      C-2       D-4

B) A-3                B-1      C-4       D-2

C) A-2                B-4      C-3       D-1

D) A-4                B-2      C-1       D-3

36. Consider the following names of the oceans:

1. Atlantic Ocean
2. Indian Ocean
3. Pacific Ocean

Which of the following sequences is correct with respect to number of deeps located in each ocean?

A)  1, 2 and 3       

B)  2, 3 and 1

C)  3, 1 and 2       

D)  3, 2 and 1

37. Consider the following statements:

1. Most of the ocean trenches are found in the eastern and western parts of the Pacific Ocean and they are seldom found in the middle ocean region.
2. Most of the trenches are curved, with concave side facing the open ocean.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only      

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

38. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  Kepmadec Trench lies in South Indian Ocean.

B)  Aleutian Trench is located in the south of the Bering Sea.

C)  Peru Trench has been formed by subduction of Nazca Plate below South American plate.

D)  Sunda Trench lies to the south of equator

39. Which of the following combination is wrong? Plateau

A)  Telegraph Plateau:        Indian Ocean

B)  Cocoa ridge          :        Pacific Ocean

C)  Wolvis ridge        :         Atlantic Ocean

D)  Agulhas basin       :        Indian Ocean

40. Match list I with list II and select the Answer using the codes given below:

List IList II
A. Welvis Ridge          1. North Atlantic Ocean
B. Wyville Thomsan Ridge2. South Atlantic Ocean
C. Clarion Fracture zone3. Indian Ocean
D. Cocos-Keeling Basin4. North Pacific Ocean

A) A-2                B-1      C-3       D-4

B) A-1                B-2      C-4       D-3

C) A-3                B-4      C-1       D-2

D) A-4                B-3      C-2       D-1

41. Consider the following oceans of the world:

1. Pacific Ocean
2. North Atlantic Ocean
3. South Atlantic Ocean
4. Indian Ocean
5. Southern Ocean
6. Arctic Ocean

Which is the correct sequence of these oceans according to descending order of their average depths?

A)  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6                

B)  2, 4, 5, 1, 3, 6

C)  4, 3, 1, 2, 6, 5                          

D)  3, 4, 2, 1, 5, 6

42. Consider the following statements:

1. Ramanche Gap divides the Mid Pacific Ridge into two parts.
2. Cape Verde Basin lies in North Atlantic Ocean between Mid-Atlantic Ridge and Africa

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only             

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

43. Consider the following statements:

1. Canyons facing see the river mouths are usually long but have gentle gradient
2. Canyons located near islands are quite deep

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2    

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

44. Which of the following statements is wrong?

A)  Seamounts are isolated volcanic hills on the sea floor

B)  Guyots are flat topped hills

C)  Deep sea plains cover the maximum area of the ocean floors

D)  The largest number of islands is found in the Atlantic Ocean

45. Consider the following statements:

1. Yellow Sea lies between China and Japan
2. Adriatic Sea lying between Italy and Greece is an example of deep marginal sea

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

46. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  Wyevale Thomson Ridge lies between British Isles and Ireland.

B)  Walvis Ridge is located along the Brazilian coast

C)  Albatross Plateau is a part of Equatorial Pacific Ocean

D)  Amsterdam St. Paul Plateau lies in South Indian Ocean

47. The northern and the southern parts of the Mid Atlantic Ridge are respectively known as:

A)  Dolphin Ridge and Challenger Ridge

B)  Challenger Ridge and Walvis Ridge

C)  Dolphin Ridge and Wyville Thomson ridge

D)  Walvis Ridge and Wyville Thomson Ridge

48. Match List I with List II and find out the Answer using the codes given below:

List I               List II
(Feature)          (Location)
Bromley Plateau 1. South Atlantic Ocean
B. Socotra-Chagos Ridge  2. North Indian Ocean
C. Cape Verde Basin3. North Atlantic Ocean
D. Emperor Seamounts      4. North Pacific Ocean

A) A-1                B-2      C-3       D-4

B) A-2                B-3      C-4       D-1

C) A-4                B-2      C-1       D-3

D) A-3                B-1      C-2       D-4

49. Consider the following statements?

1. Submarine canyons are so called because they resemble river canyons on the continents
2. They look like long V-shaped valleys with steep sides.
3. They have tributaries similar to those of river cut canyons on land
4. Most of the canyons are formed by continental rifting

Which of the above statements are not correct?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2 and 3 only

C)  3 and 4 only    

D)  None

50. Which of the following statements regarding submarine canyons are wrong?

A)  They tend to have steep side slopes

B)  Most canyons are formal by turbidity currents

C)  There are no tributaries of the submarine canyons

D)  They are similar to youthful river valleys on the land but are much deeper than the river valleys on the land.

51. Consider the following statements regarding submarine canyons:

1. They are largely found in front of large rivers.
2. They are rarely found in islands studded seas or along desert coasts.
3. They are absent along straight coasts.
4. They are commonly found off the coast of North America from Canada to Cape Hatteras.

Which of the above mentioned statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  1, 2 and 3 only

C)  2, 3 and 4 only             

D)  1, 2, and 4 only

52. Match List I with List II and select the Answer using codes given below the list:

List I              List II
(Oceanic Trench)      (Location)
A. Aleutian       1. Indian Ocean
B. Kermadic      2. North Pacific Ocean
C. Sunda         3. South Pacific Ocean
D. S. Sandwich    4. South Atlantic Ocean

A) A-2                B-4      C-1       D-3

B) A-2                B-3      C-1       D-4

C) A-1                B-3      C-2       D-4

D) A-1                B-4      C-2       D-3

53. Salinity of the ocean waters near the equator is low because of?

I. Heavy rainfall
II. High rate of evaporation
III. Huge quantities of water brought to oceans by the rivers

A)  I and II are correct

B)  II and III are correct

C)  I and III are correct

D)  I, II and III are correct

54. Consider the following statements regarding salinity of the ocean waters:

1. Salinity near the equator is very low due to heavy rainfall and little evaporation.
2. Salinity near the Tropic of Cancer is high due to huge evaporation and steady trade winds.
3. Salinity in the polar region is very low due to little evaporation and melting of ice.
4. The lowest salinity is found in the Red Sea.

A)  1 and 4 are correct        

B)  2 and 4 are correct

C)  3 and 4 are correct        

D)  1, 2, and 3 are correct

55. Which of the following is the correct sequence of seas in decreasing order of salinity?

A)  Red Sea, Caribbean Sea, Bering Sea, Baltic Sea

B)  Caribbean Sea, Bering Sea, Baltic Sea, Red Sea

C)  Bering Sea, Baltic Sea, Red Sea, Caribbean Sea

D)  Baltic Sea, Red Sea, Caribbean Sea, Bering Sea

56. Consider the following statements:

1. Of all the latitudes, salinity is the maximum at the equator.
2. Within the tropics, salinity of the open oceans is larger than that of the closed areas.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2    

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

57. Consider the following statements:

1. Lake Van has the highest salinity in the world.
2. Gulf of Bothnia records some of the lowest salinity in the world.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

58. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  Salinity of the ocean water is directly proportional to the rate of evaporation.

B)  Salinity of the ocean water decreases with the increase in precipitation.

C)  Higher rates of salinity are found at the mouths of big rivers.

D)  Tides and currents bring about changes in salinity.

59. Match List I with List II and find out the Answer using the codes given below:

List I               List II
(Sea)               (Salinity)
A. Red Sea         1. 37-41%
B. North Sea       2. 34%
C. Black Sea        3. 17-18%
D. Dead Sea       4. 240%

A) A-3                B-4      C-1       D-2

B) A-2                B-3      C-4       D-1

C) A-4                B-2      C-1       D-3

D) A-1                B-2      C-3       D-4

60. Consider the following statements:

1. Salinity of the ocean waters generally decreases from the equator towards poles.
2. Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn have higher salinity than the equator.
3. Mediterranean Sea has higher salinity than the open Atlantic Ocean.
4. Salinity is low in the polar areas due to influx of melting water.

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2 and 3 only

C)  3 and 4 only    

D)  1, 2, 3 and 4

61. Which of following statements is not correct?

A)  In the North Atlantic Ocean the highest salinity is found off the Labrador coast.

B)  In the South Atlantic Ocean salinity is higher along the western margins as compared to salinity along the eastern margins.

C)  South Indian Ocean has lower salinity than the North Indian Ocean.

D)  Salinity is uniformly low in the Southern Ocean.

62. Examine the following statements and select the Answer using the codes given below:

1. The average salinity of the oceans is 35%
2. Salinity of the Mediterranean Sea decreases from east to west.
3. Salinity of the Red Sea increases from south to north.
4. Salinity of the Persian Gulf increases from its head to the interior.

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2 and 3 only

C)  1, 2 and 3 only             

D)  1,2,3 and 4

63. Consider the following water bodies:

1. Lake Van
2. Dead Sea
3. Red Sea
4. Gulf of Bothnia

Find out the correct sequence of the above water bodies in descending order of salinity by using the following codes.

A)  1, 2, 3 and 4    

B)  2, 3, 4 and 1

C)  3, 4, 2 and 1                

D)  4, 3, 2 and 1

64. Salinity of the open oceans is maximum in the:

A)  Equatorial regions

B)  Tropical regions                      

C)  Sub-tropical region

D)  Polar region

65. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A) Temperature of the ocean water increases with depth as we find increase in temperature with increasing depth within the earth.

B)  Temperature differences play a vital role in controlling the movements of the ocean water.

C) Differential thermal conditions of the ocean water influence the general atmospheric conditions and control the planetary wind belts.

D) Ocean water temperature has moderating effect on weather conditions of coastal areas.

66. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  Temperatures of the ocean waters are the highest at the equator and decreases towards the poles.

B)  Diurnal range of ocean water temperature is very small and is often around 1o degree C.

C)  Annual range of temperature in the northern parts of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans is higher than their southern counterparts.

D)  Range of the water temperature increases with depth.

67. Consider the following statements:

1. The temperature of the ocean water falls with increasing depth but at no depth point, the temperature falls below freezing point.
2. The temperature of the ocean water is almost the same at the sea surface in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea, but at greater depth temperature in Indian Ocean falls more rapidly than in Red Sea.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2    

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

68. Consider the following statements:

1. Boundary between surface waters and deeper waters is known as thermocline.
2. Temperature above the thermocline layer is lower than that of the layer below thermocline.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only     

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

69. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  The rate of decrease of temperature with increasing depth goes on decreasing from equator towards poles.

B)  The change in sea temperature below 2000 m is negligible.

C)  The diurnal and annual range of temperature cease below the depths of 5 fathom and 100 fathoms respectively.

D)  The annual range of temperature is the same for open oceans and closed seas.

70. Which of the following statements is not correct?

A)  Density of water increases and temperature of water decreases with increasing depth.

B)  About 90 per cent of the ocean water is found below the thermocline.

C)  West coast of the temperate North Atlantic Ocean has much lower temperature than is east coast

D)  Temperature variations in the northern and southern hemisphere are the same.

71. Consider the following:

1. The annual range of temperature is greater in the Pacific Ocean than that in the Atlantic Ocean.
2. The annual range of temperature is greater in the Northern Hemisphere than that in the Southern Hemisphere.

Correct statements:

A)  1 only                         

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

72. Match list I with list II and find out the Answer using the code given below:         

List I                List II             
A. Wave crest     1. Lowest part of the wave
B. Wave trough   2. Highest part of the wave
C. Wave length    3. Distance between a trough and its neighboring crust
D. Wave height    4. Distance between two consecutive crests  or  troughs

A) A-1                B-4      C-2       D-3

B) A-2                B-1      C-4       D-3

C) A-4                B-2      C-3       D-1

D) A-3                B-1      C-4       D-2

73. Which of the following factors does not cause ocean currents?

A)  Prevailing winds                

B)  Rotation of the earth            

C)  Revolution of the earth  

D)  Temperature differences

74. Which of the following factors of ocean current formation is specific to the North Indian Ocean?

A)  Salinity difference         

B)  Shape of coasts

C)  Evaporation    

D)  Change of seasons

75. Consider the following statements:

1. Ocean currents are the slow-surface movements of water in the ocean.
2. Ocean currents assist in maintaining the Earth’s heat balance.
3. Ocean currents are set in motion primarily by prevailing winds.
4. Ocean currents are affected by the configuration of the ocean.

Which of these statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2 only    

B)  2, 3 and 4 only

C)  1, 3 and 4 only             

D)  1, 2, 3 and 4

76. Which the following statements regarding currents of the North Atlantic Ocean are not correct?

A)  Trade winds maintain fairly steady near North Equatorial current.

B)  Huge quantity of water is accumulated in the Caribbean Sea.

C)  On reaching the American coast, the North Equatorial current of the Atlantic Ocean is divided into Antilles current and Caribbean current.

D)  Florida current is the slowest of all the currents of the North Atlantic Ocean.

77. Which of the following currents is also known as the Humboldt Current?

A)  California Current         

B)  Labrador Current

C)  Peru Current    

D)  Kuroshio Current

78. Consider the following statements:

1. In the Pacific Ocean there is a seasonal march of the Pacific Equatorial currents to the north of equator in summer and to the south of equator in the winter.
2. Axis of the counter equatorial current remains at the equator throughout the year.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A)  1 only       

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2                

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

79. Which one of the following factors is responsible for change in the regular direction of ocean currents in the North Indian Ocean?

A)  Indian Ocean is ‘half an ocean’.

B)  Indian Ocean has monsoon drift.

C)  Indian Ocean has greater variation in salinity.

D)  Indian Ocean is a land- locked ocean.

80. Currents surrounding the Sargasso Sea are:

1. Gulf stream
2. North Atlantic Drift
3. Norwegian current
4. Labrador Current
5. Canaries Current
6. Counter Equatorial current

A)  1, 2, 3, 4 are correct

B)  2, 3, 4, 5 are correct

C)  1, 2, 5 are correct

D)  1, 3, 4, 6 are correct

81. Match List I with List II and find out the Answer using the codes given below:

List I (Current)                         List II (Location)
A. Benguela Current1. East coast of South America
B. Falkland current2. West coast of Africa
C. Kuroshio current3. East court of Japan
D. Gulf Stream    4. East coast of U.S.A.

A)  A-1               B-2      C-4       D-3

B)  A-2               B-1      C-3       D-4

C)  A-4               B-3      C-2       D-1

D)  A-3               B-4      C-1       D-2

82. The important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where?

A)  Warm and cold atmospheric currents meet.

B)  Rivers drain out large amounts of fresh water into the sea.

C)  Warm and cold oceanic currents meet.

D)  Continental shelf is undulating.

83. Match List I with List II and find out the Answer by using the codes given below:

(Current)          (Origin)
A. Labrador current1. Baffin Bay
B. North-East Monsoon Drift     2. Strait of Malacca
C. Kurile current  3. Okhotsk Sea
D. North Atlantic Equatorial Current  4. West coast of Africa

A) A-3       B-4       C-1       D-2

B) A-2       B-1       C-4       D-3

C) A-1       B-2       C-3       D-4

D) A-4       B-3       C-2       D-1

84. Consider the following statements:

1. Ocean currents have great effect on the temperature of the ocean water.

2. Ocean currents are deeply influenced by local winds.

3. Labrador Current sinks down the below the Gulf Stream and flows as a sub-surface current.

4. Ocean currents are not affected by Carioles force.

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)  1 and 2 only   

B)  1 and 3 only

C)  3 and 4 only   

D)  2 and 4 only

85. Imager Current is a branch of

A)  Canaries current

B)  Labrador current

C)  North Atlantic current

D)  Beguile current

86. Consider the following statements:

1. Saragossa Sea is a ‘gyre’ of calm and motionless sea.

2. Saragossa Sea is surrounded by warm currents on all sides.

3. Saragossa Sea has higher salinity than the neighboring sea.

4. Saragossa Sea is not fit for navigation.

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)  1, 2 and 3 only            

B)  2, 3 and 4 only

C)  1, 2 and 4 only            

D)  1, 3 and 4 only

87. Consider the following statement (s) related to the Oceanography:

I. It is an Earth science covering a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries.

II. HMS Challenger undertook the first global marine research expedition in 1872.

Select the correct code:

A.  Only I

B. Only II

C. Both I & II

D. Neither I nor II

88. Consider the following statement (s) related to the Coral Bleaching:

I.  Bleaching cause’s corals to turn white or pale, because loss of pigment allows the limestone skeleton to become visible through transparent tissues.

II. Zooxanthellae provide reef corals most of their carbon, limestone depositing ability, and colour.

Select the correct code:

A.  Only I

B. Only II

C. Both I & II

D. Neither I nor II

89. Ocean acidification describes the decrease in ocean pH that is caused by ———- emissions into the atmosphere.

A. anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2)

B. methane,

C. nitrous oxide

D. ozone

90. Consider the following statement (s) related to the Ocean acidification:

I. It is a term used to describe the changes in the chemistry of the world’s seas, primarily as a result of burning fossil fuels.

II. The CO2 in the water, which leads to the formation of carbonic acid, has caused the pH of surface oceans to fall by 0.1 units, and it is projected to fall a further 0.3-0.4 pH units by the end of the century.

Select the correct code:

A.  Only I

B. Only II

C. Both I & II

D. Neither I nor II

91. Who is the father of modern oceanography?

A. Aristotle

B. Dave Dwyer

C. Psalm Eight

D. Matthew Maury

92. Which of the following statement (s) is/are correct about Ocean heat content?

I. It refers to the heat stored in the ocean.

II. The changes in the ocean heat play an important role in sea level rise, because of thermal expansion.

Code:

A. Only I

B. Only II

C. Both I & II

D. Neither I nor II

93. When the first international organization of oceanography was created as the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea?

A. 1902

B. 1903

C. 1904

D. 1905

94. Consider the following statement (s) is/are related to the Wave action and long-shore drift?

I. The effect that waves have depends on their strength. Strong waves, also called destructive waves, occur on high-energy beaches and are typical of winter.

II. Long-shore drift occurs because waves hit the shore at an angle, pick up sediment (sand) on the shore and carry it down the beach at an angle (this is called swash).

Code:

A. Only I

B. Only II

C. Both I & II

D. Neither I nor II

95. Which of the following is/are correct about Atmospheric processes?

A. Onshore winds blowing “up” the beach pick up sand and move it up the beach to form sand dunes.

B. Rain hits the shore and erodes rocks, and carries weathered material to the shoreline to form beaches.

C. Warm weather can encourage biological processes to occur more rapidly. In tropical areas some plants and animals protect stones from weathering, while other plants and animals actually eat away at the rocks.

D. All of the above

96. Who among the following coined the term oceanography?

A. Sir John Murray

B. Fort Ricasoli

C. Herodotus

D. Carl Ritter

97. Which of the following is correct sequence from land to sea?

A.         Continental Slope, Sea plain, Ocean deeps, Continental Shelf

B.         Continental Shelf, Continental Slope, Sea Plain, Ocean deeps

C.         Ocean Deeps, Sea plain, continental Slope, Continental Shelf

D.        Sea plain, Ocean deeps, continental Slope, continental Shelf

98. In 1687, who was the scientist to give for the first time a rational explanation of tides and tide producing forces of the moon and the sun?

A.         John Dalton

B.         Gregor Mendel

C.         Isaac Newton

D.        Albert Einstein

99. Coastal and estuary waters are sometimes affected by algal foam and scum, often called

A.         Red tides

B.         Red clay

C.         Red Soil

D.        Red waves

100. The volcanic deposits on the ocean floor at a depth of 2,500 fathoms or more are known as:

A.         Pelagic Deposits

B.         Red clay

C.         Calcareous ooze

D.        Radiolarian Ooze

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *