[Sociology Test 8] RPSC College Lecturer Exam 2020

[Sociology Test 8] RPSC College Lecturer Exam 2020Rajasthan Public Service Commission conducts the recruitment for Technical and Non Technical Education Department for the post of Lecture. The Rajasthan Public Service Commission has released the recruitment for Assistant Professor and lecturer (Technical Education) Posts. There are 918 vacancies for these posts. This is a big opportunity for candidates who waiting for jobs in RPSC. It is essential to know details like Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Exam Date, Previous Year Papers, and Admit Card.

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1. Which of the following is not an important element of individual social environment?

[A] Education

[B] Occupation

[C] Income

[D] Emotions

2. Which psychological factors are found to be important triggers of political activism?

[A] Values

[B] Religion

[C] Emotions

[D] Motivations

3. Political assassination, terrorism and vandalism are an example of?

[A] Conventional participation

[B] Unconventional participation

[C] Illegal participation

[D] Political participation

4. Who are most likely to engage in unconventional participation?

[A] Young people, students and those with grave concerns about regimes policies

[B] People strongly committed to politics

[C] People who disobey the rules and laws

[D] People who resort to violence

5. Unconventional participation refers to?

[A] A type of participation that resort to violent actions

[B] Activities that are legal but often considered inappropriate

[C] Activities that are expected from good citizens

[D] Activities that includes volunteering

6. Illegal participation refers to?

[A] A type of participation that are against the law

[B] A type of participation that is design to achieve policy changes through dramatic tactics

[C] A type of participation that supports boycott

[D] A type of participation in favour of the law

7. Conventional participation refers to?

[A] Activities that are legal but often considered inappropriate

[B] Activities that are against the law

[C] Activities that are the expectation from good citizens

[D] Activities that are resort violence

8. Which of the following does not belong to Lester Milbrath division of political activity?

[A] Gladiatorial

[B] Transitional

[C] Spectator

[D] Rational

9. PPA is known as?

[A] Political Participation Approach

[B] Political Process Approach

[C] Political Party Approach

[D] Party people Approach

10. Political participation classified in terms of its purpose is of two types. They are:

[A] Active and passive

[B] Instrumental and expressive

[C] Active and instrumental

[D] Active and expressive

11. Who plays an important role in a democratic state which gives the right to vote to the people?

[A] Universal Adult Franchise

[B] The Election Commission

[C] The State Government

[D] The Governor

12. According to Woodward and Roper, the political activities are?

[A] Voting at the polls

[B] Supporting possible pressure group

[C] Personally communicating directly with legislators

[D] All the above

13. Huntington and Nelson political participation includes?

[A] Violence

[B] Electoral activity

[C] Lobbying

[D] All the above

14. Who popularized the concept of Political Participation?

[A] The Behaviouralists

[B] The Pluralists

[C] The Marxists

[D] The Functionalists

15. Which of the following is not a characteristic of political participation?

[A] Political participation is just mere interest in politics

[B] It is something voluntary

[C] Political participation concerns activities in governments and politics

[D] Participation is directly related to the quality of democracy

16. Who is of the opinion that a participant is a part of the input system in a political setup?

[A] Woodworth and Roper

[B] Ali Ashraf and LN Sharma

[C] Almond and Powell

[D] Lester and Powell

17. Which theory viewed participation as virtue in itself, a civic duty expected of very citizen and residents of a country?

[A] Marxist Theory

[B] Functionalist Theory

[C] Rational Choice Theory

[D] Democratic Theory

18. Which theory propagates that civic participation will increase only when people feel that the costs of involvement are low while the benefits accrued are higher?

[A] Marxist Theory

[B] Functionalist Theory

[C] Rational Choice Theory

[D] Functionalist Theory

19. Which of the following statement is true?

[A] All forms of participation are considered to be political participation

[B] Participation narrows the study of political socialization

[C] Political participation by individuals may sometimes and not always lead to successful outcome

[D] Participation has also decrease with the concept of social networking groups.

20. Who is the author of Political Sociology, A Grammar of Politics?

[A] Ali Ashraf and L.N.Sharma

[B] Huntington and Nelson

[C] Kaid and Lee

[D] Almond and Verba

21. What type of activities refers to holding of party offices, dealing with party funds, attending meetings and also campaigning?

[A] Gladiatorial activities

[B] Transitional activities

[C] Spectator activities

[D] Apathetic activities

22. What type of activities refers to attending a political meeting or a rally, making momentary contributions or contracting a public officer?

[A] Gladiatorial activities

[B] Transitional activities

[C] Spectator activities

[D] Apathetic activities

23. What type of activities refers to when one tries to influence another into voting in favor of a certain person or party, thus initiating a political discussion?

[A] Gladiatorial activities

[B] Transitional activities

[C] Spectator activities

[D] Apathetic activities

24. Consider the following statements about the characteristics of Political participation:

(i) Political participation is not just mere interest in politics

(ii) It is something voluntary

(iii) It concerns activities in governments and politics and not any particular phase and any specific level or area of governance.

(iv) Participation is directly related to the quality of democracy.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

[A] (i), (iii) and (iv)

[B] (ii), (iii) and (iv)

[C] (i), (ii) and (iv)

[D] (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

25. A: The dominant model of Political participation is Civic Voluntarism by Verba which is based on the socio-economic model of participation?

B: According to this proponents, people who are better educated and more affluent belonging to not below the middle class are likely to be participants.

[A] Both A and B are true and B is the correct explanation of A

[B] Both A and B are true and B is not the correct explanation of A

[C] A is true, but B is false

[D] A is false, but R is true

26. A: all forms of participation are not considered to be political participation

B: Only when an action is intended to influence the decision making of the government, it may be called political participation.

[A] A is true, but B is false

[B] A is false, but B is true

[C] Both A and B are true

[D] Both A and B are false

27. A: Almond and Verba believe that the study of political participation is an extension to the study of political socialization.

B: According to them, political socialization is a process referring to a certain phase of citizen behavior which forces them to get precluded in the political system of the state.

[A] A is true, but B is false

[B] A is false, but B is true

[C] Both A and B are true

[D] Both A and B are false

28. Political participation classified in terms of purpose is of two types. What are they?

[A] Instrumental and expressive

[B] Instrumental and spectator

[C] Spectator and expressive

[D] Spectator and transitional

29. Parties classified on the basis of rigidity are of two types. What are they?

[A] Instrumental and expressive

[B] Pragmatic and ideological

[C] Cell and militia

[D] Branch and caucus

30. What type of parties seeks to accommodate as many groups as possible in order to win an electoral majority?

[A] Pragmatic

[B] Ideological

[C] Instrumental

[D] Expressive

31. In which country did the pressure group originated?

[A] England

[B] U.S.A.

[C] France

[D] U.S.S.R.

32. Who was the first to use the term ‘Pressure Group’ in his book?

[A] Earl Latham

[B] David Truman

[C] Peter Odegard

[D] Theodore J Lowi

33. An understanding of group theory relies on illustrations rendered by three schools.

They are:

[A] Pluralist School, Corporatist School and the New Right School

[B] Pluralist School, Functionalist School and Marxist School

[C] Pluralist School, Functionalist School and the New Right School

[D] Pluralist School, Marxist School and the New Right School

34. Which school denounced the idea of state as a monolithic entity, on the contrary viewed political power as fragmented and wisely dispersed?

[A] Corporatist school

[B] The New Right School

[C] Marxist School

[D] Pluralist School

35. Which school seeks to identify the interaction between group and state in industrialized society?

[A] Corporatist school

[B] The New Right School

[C] Marxist School

[D] Pluralist School

36. Which school focuses on the preponderance of pressure groups in society?

[A] Corporatist school

[B] The New Right School

[C] Marxist School

[D] Pluralist School

37. Scholars identify three major typologies of pressure groups on the basis of?

[A] Interest content, organizational form and type of membership

[B] Interest content, organizational form and protection

[C] Interest content, demands and protection

[D] Interest content, demands and type of membership

38. Which of the following is not included in Olson classification of groups?

[A] Small

[B] Intermediate

[C] Large

[D] Anomic

39. What type of groups is seen to use militant and violent means?

[A] Anomic interest groups

[B] Non associational groups

[C] Institutional interest group

[D] Associational interest group

40. What type of group is formed on the basis of adherence to certain traditional norms or norms grown out of religious, regional, racial and ethnic loyalties?

[A] Anomic interest groups

[B] Non associational groups

[C] Institutional interest group

[D] Associational interest group

41. What type of group operates within the framework of formal institution like political parties?

[A] Anomic interest groups

[B] Non associational groups

[C] Institutional interest group

[D] Associational interest group

42. What type of groups have manifested structural base?

[A] Anomic interest groups

[B] Non associational groups

[C] Institutional interest group

[D] Associational interest group

43. A pressure group is?

[A] A group formed to protect the interests of members of a group by contesting elections

[B] A group of people who tries to capture power with the help of money

[C] A group of people with common objectives, which tries to promote the interest of its members by influencing the government policies

[D] A military group, which comes to the assistance of the state when the police force is unable to maintain law and order

44. Which of the following is not an example of associational interest group?

[A] Trade unions

[B] Ethnic association

[C] Businessman

[D] Skill groups

45. Pressure groups differ from political parties in so far as?

[A] They contest elections

[B] They have large membership

[C] They pursue broader objectives

[D] Their field of operation is very limited

46. Which of the following is not an example of anomic interest group?

[A] Dal Khalsa

[B] Naxalite Groups

[C] Tamil Sangh

[D] Nava Nirman Samiti of Gujarat

47. Which of the following is not a method used by the pressure group for achieving its objectives?

[A] It finances political parties

[B] It organizes demonstrations

[C] It clearly aligns with a political party

[D] It tries to influence policy makers

48. Which of the following is not a feature of pressure group?

[A] It tries to influence from outside

[B] Its membership is large

[C] It actively joins political parties

[D] Its member can join any number of groups

49. Which one of the following was the first country-wide pressure group of the organized Indian working class?

[A] All India Trade union Congress

[B] Indian National Trade union Congress

[C] United Trade Union Congress

[D] Hind Mazdoor Sabha

50. Who describes the pressure groups as the Third House of the Legislature?

[A] Bryce

[B] H.M. Finer

[C] G.D.H.Code

[D] A.V.Dicey

51. In which of the following countries the pressure groups are not permitted to function?

[A] Britain

[B] Switzerland

[C] U.S.S.R.

[D] None of the above

52. Which type of parties cling to the old socio-economic and political institutions?

[A] Reactionary parties

[B] Conservative parties

[C] Liberal parties

[D] Radical parties

53. Which type of parties aim at reforming the existing institutions?

[A] Reactionary parties

[B] Conservative parties

[C] Liberal parties

[D] Radical parties

54. Which type of parties aim at establishing a new a new order by overthrowing the existing institutions?

[A] Reactionary parties

[B] Conservative parties

[C] Liberal parties

[D] Radical parties

55. Which among the following follows one party system?

[A] USA

[B] USSR

[C] Britain

[D] France

56. Which among the following follows two-party system?

[A] Britain

[B] France

[C] Italy

[D] Switzerland

57. Which among the following follows multi-party system?

[A] Britain

[B] USA

[C] Switzerland

[D] East European countries

58. When were the first general elections held?

[A] 1942

[B] 1952

[C] 1962

[D] 1966

59. What system of government does India have?

[A] One party system

[B] Two party system

[C] Multi-party system

[D] All the above

60. How many parties are registered with the Election Commission of India?

[A] 750 parties

[B] Less than750 parties

[C] More than 750 parties

[D] None of the above

61. Who described political parties as ‘power behind the throne’?

[A] MacIver

[B] Lord Bryce

[C] Karl Marx

[D] Herman Finer

62. Which of the following is associated with the Spoils System?

[A] Britain

[B] France

[C] USA

[D] All the above

63. In which of the following countries two party systems first of all originated?

[A] Greece

[B] Britain

[C] USA

[D] U.S.S.R

64. The means of the two major political parties in Britain are?

[A] Labour and Conservative

[B] Labour and Liberal

[C] Conservative and Socialists

[D] Conservative and Liberals

65. The two major political parties of U.S.A. are?

[A] Independent and Democratic

[B] Republican and Democratic

[C] Democratic and Socialist

[D] Republican and Communist

66. How many seats have been secured by the MNF in the legislative assembly election held in 2018?

[A] 24

[B] 24

[C] 26

[D] 27

67. Which of the following is the characteristic of a political party?

[A] Group of people organized for betterment of their locality.

[B] Group of people sharing similar religious views.

[C] Group of people having common principles and views on public matters.

[D] Group of people attending an election meeting.

68. Which of the following is not an element of political party?

[A] A common religion

[B] An organized group of persons

[C] A common programme

[D] Fidelity to certain common principles

69. What is an ‘Affidavit’?

[A] Over-regulation of political parties

[B] Decision making body of the party

[C] Details of a contesting candidate

[D] None of the above

70. Which type of group is formed on the basis of its members sharing some common attitudes and values?

[A] Interest group

[B] Attitude group

[C] Value group

[D] Skill group

71. The term party derives from Latin verb ‘partire’, which means?

[A] To divide

[B] To gather

[C] To mingle

[D] To come together

72. Name the oldest political party of India?

[A] Bahujan Samaj Party

[B] Indian National Congress

[C] The Communist Party

[D] Bharatiya Janata Party

73. Which type of group is formed on the basis of its members sharing some common attitudes and values?

[A] Interest group

[B] Anomic group

[C] Attitude group

[D] None of the above

74. Which of the following is an example of the attitude group?

[A] C.N.D

[B] R.S.P.C.A

[C] The Calcutta Beautification Society

[D] All the above

75. A pressure group is distinct from a political party in as much as it does not directly?

[A] Contest elections

[B] Finance a candidate

[C] Propagate a policy

[D] Resort to mobilization of opinion

76. [A]: pressure groups involve themselves in politics and policy making process in India through direct and indirect means?

[B]: they aspire to come to power to achieve their goals.

[A] Both A and B are individually true and B is the correct explanation of A

[B] Both A and B are individually true and B is not the correct explanation of A

[C] A is true but B is false

[D] A is false but B is true

77. Which of the following is not a function of pressure groups?

[A] Interest articulation

[B] Political communication

[C] Education

[D] None of the above

78. What are the required conditions for recognition as a National Party?

(i) If it secures 6% of valid votes polled in any four or more states at a general election to the Lok Sabha or to the Legislative assembly; and in addition, it wins four seats in the Lok Sabha from any state or states; or

(ii) If it wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha at a general election; and these candidates are elected from three states; or

(iii) If it is recognized as a state party in four states.

(iv) If it secures 8% of the total valid votes polled in the state.

[A] (i) and (iv)

[B] (i) (ii) and (iii)

[C] (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

[D] (i), (iii), and (iv)

79. Which of the following is not a National Party?

[A] Shiv Sena

[B] Bahujan Samaj Party

[C] Indian National Congress

[D] Bharatiya Janata Party

80. What is the symbol reserved for Communist Party of India (CPI)?

[A] Ears of Corn and Sickle

[B] Hammer, Sickle and Star

[C] Ears of Sickle and Star

[D] Ears of Hammer and Sickle

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