Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 26

Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 MCQs: Most Probable Prelims Questions – New PDF Compilations of Important MCQs Also Available for Download. These questions will be highly useful for aspirants preparing as it covers both static and current topics. Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 26.

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Q1. With reference to Vedas and Upanishads, consider the following statements:

1. Dhrupad Raga’s origin has been traced back to the recitation of the Sama Veda.

2. Upanishads contain the knowledge imparted by the gurus to their disciples.

3. The Upanishads are the end of the Vedas.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: – D

Q2. Consider the following statements about ganas, during the period of Mahajanapadas:

1. Those Mahajanapadas which were oligarchies were called ganas.

2. Mahavira and the Buddha belonged to ganas.

3. Magadha, the most powerful mahajanapada, was an oligarchy.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q3. The names found on various inscriptions like Buddha shakya, Dharmasoka, Piyadassi are related to which of the following rulers of ancient India?

(a) Ashoka

(b) Chandragupta Maurya

(c) Harshvardhan

(d) Samudragupta

Q4. Consider the following statements regarding the Pala Empire:

1. It was founded by Gopala.

2. Nalanda and Vikramshila Universities were established by Pala rulers.

3. The trade during the Pala empire was exclusively within the Indian subcontinent.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q5. Which one of the following concepts is related to Buddhism?

(a) Anuvarta

(b) Anekantavada

(c) Sallekhana

(d) Kshanikwad

Solution: – D

Q6. Which of the following statements is not correct regarding ‘Jizya’?

(a) Jizya was a poll tax provided under sharia.

(b) The tax was first introduced during the reign of Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

(c) It was abolished during the reign of Akbar.

(d) Aurangzeb, reimposed jaziya with no exemptions for any sections of citizens.

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the Varna system:

1. Varna system was codified in the Dharmasutras and Dharmashastras.

2. The varna of an individual was the sole criterion for his/her for entitlement to wealth.

3. Untouchables were also included in the four varnas.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q8. With reference to the Bhitargaon Temple, consider the following statements:

1. The temple at Bhitargaon was among several Mauryan period temples.

2. The temple has a tall pyramidical spire above the inner sanctum.

3. The walls of the temple are decorated with terracotta sculptures of God and Goddesses like Shiva, Parvati etc.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q9. She is one of the very few female monarchs in Indian history. She was a ruler of Kashmir. Kalhana has described her as deficient in moral character, merciless by nature, and has further explained in detail how she ruthlessly killed her son and three grandsons before ascending the throne. The above description is related to:

(a) Razia Sultan

(b) Rudrama Devi

(c) Queen Didda

(d) Durgavati

Q10. With reference to Gandhara Art, consider the following statements:

1. Gandhara art was a mix of Indian and Greco-Roman style.

2. Its main focus was on Mahayana sect of Buddhism.

3. Gandhara school carved out images of Hindu deities Shiva and Vishnu along with Buddhist images.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q11. With reference to an ancient Indian script, consider the following statements:

1. It is known as sister script and was a contemporary of Brahmi script.

2. It was written from right to left and was used in the Gandhara culture.

3. Its inscriptions have been found in the form of Buddhist texts from present day Afghanistan and Pakistan. The above features belong to which of the following scripts?

(a) Vatteluttu

(b) Sharada

(c) Kharoshti

(d) Devnagari

Q12. Which of the following personalities was/were not an exponent of the Bhakti Movement in northern India?

1. Nanak

2. Shankaracharya

3. Ramananda

4. Kabir

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q13. With reference to Prehistoric paintings in Lakhudiyar, consider the following statements:

1. Lakhudiyar literally means ‘One lakh caves.

2. The caves are located on the banks of river Banas in the state of Rajasthan.

3. The paintings depict only the human figures and animal figures are absent.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q14. Consider the following pairs:

Harappan Sites               Place

1. Dholavira —                Rajasthan

2. Rakhigarhi —              Haryana

3. Ropar —                      Punjab

4. Balathal —                  Gujarat

Which of the above given pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 2 and 4 only

Q15. Consider the following pairs:

Mauryan Pillars              Capital figures

1. Lauriya —                   Horse Nandangarh Pillar

2. Sarnath Pillar —                   Lion

3. Rampurva Pillar —      Bull

4. Sankisa Pillar —                    Elephant

Which of the given pair are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 2, 3 and 4 only

Q16. With reference to Barbara caves, consider the following statements:

1. These are the oldest examples of Mauryan rock-cut architecture in India.

2. The caves were patronised by Ashoka for the Mahayana Buddhisim.

3. The Lomas Rishi Cave was carved out of a huge rounded granite rock and has highly polished internal surfaces.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q17. With reference to Yakshini statue found in Didargunj, consider the following statements:

1. It’s free standing statue made of sandstone.

2. The miniature sculpture is short but well-proportioned.

3. It is generally held to be a Mauryan period figure.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Q18. With reference to Mathura School of sculpture, consider the following statements:

1. Buddha is represented in human form in this school.

2. Stupa sculptures found in Sanghol, Punjab are examples of Mathura school.

3. Halo around Buddha is missing in this art form.

4. Sarnath and Kosambi schools emerged from this school.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 2, 3 and 4only

Q19. Consider the following features related to the sculpture of bearded man found in Harappan Civilization:

1. It is made of tera cotta and was discovered from the site of Rakhigarhi.

2. The figure wears a shawl which is decorated with trefoil patterns.

3. The half-closed eyes of the figure give appearance as if the person is in meditative concentration.

Which of the features given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q20. With reference to the Paintings in Bhimbetka, consider the following statements:

1. The paintings have shades only of white and red color.

2. Paintings here are found on the ceilings and the walls of the rock shelters.

3. The men shown in them appear sad and fearful of surroundings.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 3 only

Q21. Which of the following reasons have given Indian constitution its authority/ acceptability among people?

1. It drew upon a long history of the nationalist movement.

2. It was subjected to a full-fledged referendum.

3. It reflected the broad national consensus of the contemporary time.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q22. Consider the following Pairs:

Provisions                                 Country

1. First Past the Post —             France System

2. Institution of Speaker —        Britain

3. Principle of Liberty —           United States

4. Quasi-federal form of —         Canada government

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 3 and 4 only

Q23. With reference to Fundamental Rights, consider the following statements:

1. These are separately listed in the constitution.

2. They are different from ordinary rights as they are protected and enforced by law.

3. These rights are protected by Judiciary, only against Executive action.

4. Reasonable restrictions can be put over them by the government.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 4 only

(d) 2, 3 and 4 only

Q24. Which of the following rights under the Indian constitution is part of the “Right to Equality”?

1. Equal protection of law

2. Right to move anywhere throughout the territory of India

3. Right to personal liberty

4. Abolition of Untouchability

5. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 3 and 5 only

(c) 1, 4 and 5 only

(d) 2, 4 and 5 only

Q25. Consider the following statements:

1. For compoundable crime, a person can be punished more than once.

2. No person shall be subjected to a penalty greater than that prescribed by the law in force at the time of the commission of the act.

3. A person may be compelled to give evidence against himself in court of law.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct as per Article 20 of the constitution?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Q26. Which of the following entities fall within the meaning of the term ‘State’ under Article 12 of the constitution?

1. Life Insurance Corporation of India

2. Local authorities like panchayats and municipalities

3. Private body working as an instrument of the State

4. District Councils

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q27. With reference to Attorney General of India, consider the following statements:

1. He is appointed by the Prime minister.

2. He must be an advocate of Supreme Court of India.

3. He holds office during the pleasure of the President.

4. He enjoys all the privileges available to a Member of Parliament.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 3 and 4 only

Q28. Which of the following constitutional amendments is/are related to the Tenth Schedule of the constitution:

1. 24th amendment

2. 42nd amendment

3. 52nd amendment

4. 87th amendment

5. 91st amendment

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 3 and 5 only

(d) 3, 4 and 5 only

Q29. Which of the following provisions relating to electoral laws is/are dealt by Representation of the People Act, 1951?

1. Allocation of seats in the House of the People

2. Delimitation of Constituencies

3. Constitution of Delimitation Commission

4. Disqualifications for membership of Parliament

5. Disputes regarding elections

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1,2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 3, 4 and 5 only

(d) 4 and 5 only

Q30. With reference to Preamble to the constitution of India, consider the following statements:

1. The word ‘Sovereign’ in the preamble implies that people derive their Fundamental Rights as a result of the Constitution.

2. It’s not a source of power to the legislature

3. It consists of the basic features of the Constitution and can’t be amended

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 2 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q31. With reference to proportional representation system of election, consider the following statements:

1. Single Transferable Vote system is one of its variant.

2. This system is extremely easy to understand compared to others.

3. Every Constituency elects only one representative.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q32. With reference to National Population Register, consider the following statements

1. It is being prepared under provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955.

2. It is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register in the NPR.

3. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q33. With reference to Directive Principles of State Policy, consider the following statements:

1. These can’t be used by Courts for examining the constitutional validity of a law.

2. These are fundamental in the governance of country.

3. They lay down the goal of economic democracy of Indian polity.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q34. With reference to Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution, consider the following statements:

1. Swaran Singh Committee suggested incorporation of Eight Fundamental Duties

2. Under Article 51A, Parliament by law may provide for penalty for noncompliance

3. Citizens to pay their taxes regularly is one of the fundamental duties.

4. It’s our duty to have compassion for living creatures

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 4 only

(d) 3 and 4 only

Q35. Which of the following steps have been taken to implement Gandhian Directive Principles?

1. Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act, 1956

2. Legal Services Authority Act 1971

3. 97th Constitutional Amendment Act

4. Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 4 only

(d) 2, 3 and 4 only

Q36. Which of the followings is/are the criteria for a person to be a member of Lok Sabha:

1. He must not be less than 30 years of age.

2. He must be registered as an elector in the same constituency.

3. He must not have any interest in government contracts, works or services.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q37. With reference to Chairman of Rajya Sabha, consider the following statements:

1. He is not a member of the house

2. He can cast a vote in case of equality.

3. He can’t take part in the proceedings of the house when a resolution for his removal is under consideration.

4. His Salaries and allowances are fixed by the Parliament.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 3 and 4 only

Q38. With reference to Parliament, consider the following statements:

1. Prorogation of the house is done by the Speaker.

2. Prorogation terminates the session of the House.

3. Adjournment sine die is notified by the President.

4. Only the Lok Sabha is subject to dissolution.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2 and 4 only

(d) 3 and 4 only

Q39. Which of the following types of Veto powers have been vested with the President of India?

1. Absolute veto

2. Qualified Veto

3. Suspensive Veto

4. Pocket Veto

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2 and 4 only

(d) 2, 3 and 4 only

Q40. With reference to Pardoning powers of the Governor and the President, consider the following statements:

1. Governor can grant pardon if a state law prescribes for death sentence.

2. Governor can suspend, remit or commute a punishment or sentence by a court-martial.

3. President can pardon sentences inflicted by military courts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q41. With reference to the Ad-hoc judge and Acting Judge, consider the following statements:

1. Ad-hoc judge is appointed when there is a lack of quorum of the permanent judges.

2. The President can appoint a judge of a High Court as an ad hoc judge.

3. Chief Justice can request a retired judge to act as a judge of the Supreme Court only with the previous consent of the President.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q42. With reference to Comptroller and Auditor General of India, consider the following statements:

1. He is appointed by the President and holds office till the pleasure of the President.

2. He is not eligible for any further office under the government of India.

3. He audits all transactions of the state governments.

4. CAG of India only performs the role of a Comptroller General and not of an Auditor General.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 2, 3 and 4 only

Q43. With reference to National Human Rights Commission, consider the following statements:

1. Only a person who has been a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court can be appointed as the chairperson.

2. Three persons having knowledge of human rights are to be appointed as the members of the NHRC.

3. One of the members is Chairperson of the National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Q44. With reference to Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, consider the following statements:

1. It provides for establishment of Special Courts for the trial of offences under the act.

2. It authorizes the State Governments to frame rules for carrying out the purpose of the Act.

3. It also specifies punishment for neglect of duties by the public servant.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q45. Which of the following languages is/are included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution?

1. Hindi

2. English

3. Bhojpuri

4. Garo

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

Q46. Which of the following disqualifications is/are provided under the Constitution for a person being elected as a Member of Parliament?

1. If he holds any office of profit under the Union or state government.

2. If he is not a citizen of India

3. If he has been found guilty of corrupt practices in the elections.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q47. With reference to promotion of Hindi language, consider the following statements:

1. Constitution provides that it is the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language.

2. Constitution provides to secure enrichment of Hindi by assimilating style and expressions in the languages specified in the Eighth Schedule.

3. Constitution gives power to the Union government to decide the languages to be used for official work.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q48. Which of the following organisations/offices is/are under the ambit of Right to Information (RTI) Act of 2005?

1. Government funded NGOs

2. Office of Chief Justice of India

3. Universities established by law made by Parliament.

4. Public Sector Banks.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q49. With reference to Zonal councils, consider the following statements:

1. They aim at promoting cooperation and coordination between states, union territories and the Centre.

2. The chairman of Zonal councils is the Prime Minister of India.

3. Zonal councils are constitutional bodies.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q50. With reference to Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019, consider the following statements:

1. It provides that the Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) will hold office for a term of four years.

2. It states that the salaries, allowances, and other terms and conditions of service of the CIC will be determined by the central government.

3. It states that the salaries, allowances, and other terms and conditions of service of the state Information Commissioners will be determined by the state government.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q51. With reference to Finance Commission, consider the following statements:

1. It is constituted by the parliament every fifth year or at such earlier time as it considers necessary.

2. Chairman of the Fifteenth Finance Commission is Shri. N. K. Singh.

3. The Constitution provides the qualifications of members of the commission.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) None of the above

Q52. Which of the following states enjoy special provisions under Part XXI of the Constitution of India?

1. Maharashtra

2. Gujarat

3. Andhra Pradesh

4. Tripura

5. Manipur

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only

(b) 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

(c) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

Q53. With reference to Prison Statistics of India, 2017, consider the following statements:

1. The report is launched by National Human Rights Commission.

2. The total number of prisons at national level has decreased during 2015 to 2017.

3. The number of under trial prisoners has increased during 2015-17.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q54. Voting for which of the following offices is held in accordance with the system of Proportional Representation by means of the Single Transferable Vote:

1. President

2. Vice-President

3. Representatives of States in the Council of States

4. Speaker of Lok Sabha

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q55. With reference to Fundamental Duties, consider the following statements:

1. They were added in the Constitution through the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976.

2. They are applicable both to the citizens and the aliens.

3. They have never been amended after their insertion into the Constitution.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Q56. With reference to effect of proclamation of National Emergency on the Fundamental Rights, consider the following statements:

1. When a proclamation of national emergency is declared on the ground of war, the six Fundamental Rights under Article 19 are automatically suspended.

2. Any law made during Emergency, to the extent of inconsistency with Article 19, continues to operate till 6 months after Emergency ceases to operate.

3. President can suspend the right to move any court for the enforcement of all Fundamental Rights.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Q57. Provisions relating to which of the following offices are mentioned in the Second Schedule of the Constitution?

1. Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.

2. Judges of the High Courts.

3. Speaker of Lok Sabha.

4. Election Commissioner of India.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 4 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q58. With reference to Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019, consider the following statements:

1. It provides for Dispute Resolution Committee to resolve the dispute amicably by negotiations.

2. It provides for establishment of multiple Inter-State River Water Disputes Tribunals by the central government.

3. It removes the requirement of publication of decision in the official gazette.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q59. With reference to qualifications of a person to be appointed as the judge of a high court, consider the following statements:

1. He should be of 25 years of age.

2. He should have been an advocate of a high court (or high courts in succession) for ten years.

3. He should be a distinguished jurist in the opinion of President.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q60. With reference to Benches of the Supreme Court, consider the following statements:

1. Constitution provides that the Supreme Court may sit at places other than Delhi.

2. The provision related to establishment of benches is only optional and not compulsory.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q61. With reference to Danakil Depression, recently seen in news, consider the following statements:

1. It is a depression present in mid-pacific ocean.

2. It proves that presence of liquid water is enough to have life.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q62. With reference to organoids, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

1. Organoids are a group of cells grown in laboratories into three-dimensional structures.

2. Most organoids are fully functional as they have both cells and blood vessels.

3. Organoids are grown in the lab using stem cells.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 3 only

Q63. With reference to doctrine of essentiality, consider the following statements:

1. It was invented in the ‘Shirur Mutt’ case in 1954.

2. This doctrine was evolved to protect only such religious practices which were essential and integral to the religion.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q64. With reference to Core investment companies, consider the following statements:

1. They are non-banking financial companies (NBFCs).

2. They cannot hold more than 50% of their net assets in the form of investment in equity shares, preference shares, bonds, debentures, debt or loans in group companies.

3. It does not trade in its investments except through block sale for the purpose of dilution or disinvestment.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q65. With reference to Bru tribe, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

1. It is a community indigenous to Northeast India.

2. In Tripura, they are recognized as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q66. With reference to Feni River, consider the following statements:

1. It forms part of the India-Bangladesh border.

2. It originates in West Bengal.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q67. With reference to Greater adjutant storks, consider the following statements:

1. The bird is called ‘hargila’.

2. The birds are scavengers that consume dead organisms.

3. They usually fly to hot weather of western Rajasthan for nesting.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q68. India Justice Report 2019, recently seen in the news, is an initiative of which of the following?

(a) Red Cross India

(b) Amnesty International

(c) Ministry of Law and Justice

(d) Tata Trusts

Q69. With reference to Lymphatic Filariasis, consider the following statements:

1. It is considered a Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs).

2. It is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms.

3. It spread from person to person by mosquitoes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q70. With reference to Kalapani area, recently seen in the news, consider the following statements:

1. It is a disputed area between India and Bhutan.

2. River Mahakali flows through the Kalapani area.

3. The region has been manned by the Indo-Tibetan Border Police.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 3 only

Q71. Section 11 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, recently seen in the news, refers to which of the following?

(a) Removal or reduction of period of disqualification by Election commission.

(b) Removal or reduction of period of disqualification by Supreme Court.

(c) Disqualification on ground of corrupt practices.

(d) Qualifications for membership of a Legislative Assembly.

Q72. With reference to the administrative system under Delhi Sultanate, consider the following statements:

1. In Delhi Sultanate, Sultan was the commander-in-chief of the army.

2. Agriculture department named Diwan-i- Kohi was established by Mohammed- Bin-Tughlaq.

3. Diwan-i-Risalat was established to look after industrial development.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q73. With reference to GOAL (Going Online as Leaders) programme, consider the following statements:

1. It is under Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship.

2. It is aimed at inspiring, guiding and encouraging tribal girls to become village-level digital young leaders.

3. The second phase is launched in partnership with Niti Aayog and Facebook.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q74. With reference to Kurds, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

1. The Kurds are one of the world’s largest stateless ethnic group.

2. They live on the margins of Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q75. Salmonella, recently seen in the news, refers to which of the following?

(a) It is a group of bacteria.

(b) It is an exoplanet discovered recently.

(c) It is a Caribbean dance form.

(d) A disputed territory between Paraguay and Argentina.

Q76. With reference to India-UN Development Partnership Fund, consider the following statements:

1. It aims to contribute to the efforts of developing countries towards the realization of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

2. It is supported by the Government of India and managed by the United Nations Development Programme.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q77. With Reference to Kaniyan Pungundranar, consider the following statements:

1. He was cotemporary of the Pallava King Narasimhavarman I.

2. He laid down the principles of his version of natural law.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q78. With reference to Paika rebellion, consider the following statements:

1. It was a peasant rebellion against landlords.

2. Paikas rendered martial services in return for rent-free land (nish-kar jagirs) and titles.

3. Paika rebellion took place in Odisha around 1817.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q79. With reference to Bathukamma Festival, consider the following statements:

1. It is a nine day festival celebrated in Telangana mostly by women.

2. In this festival flowers are arranged row after row in brass plate called taambalam.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q80. Thiruvalluvar, recently seen in the news, refers to which of the following?

(a) An ancient site in Kerala

(b) An art form of Karnataka

(c) An ancient saint of Tamil Nadu

(d) A text from Sangam literature

Q81. With reference to early temple architecture, consider the following statements:

1. They generally included veranda, a hall and a shrine at the rear.

2. Sandhara type temples are one with pradakshinapatha.

3. Nachna-Kuthara and Udaygiri temples are examples of Early temple architecture.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q82. With reference to the Ajanta and Ellora Caves, consider the following statements:

1. Ellora has has thirty-four caves belonging to Buddhist, Brahmanical and Jain religions.

2. At Ajanta, double-storeyed caves have been excavated and at Ellora, triple storey caves are excaveted.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q83. With reference to Cave tradition in India, consider the following statements:

1. Bagh Caves are located in the state of Maharastra.

2. Elephanta Caves was originally a Buddhist site which was later dominated by the Shaivite faith.

3. Udaigiri-Khandagiri caves were meant for Jain monks.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Q84. With reference to Stupa located at Sanchi, consider the following statements:

1. The stupa is supposed to hold the relics of Sariputta and Mahamougalayana.

2. The upper pradakshinapath is unique feature of this site.

3. A Torana is constructed only in the front direction of the stupa.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q85. With reference to image of Padmapani painting in Ajanta Caves, consider the following statements:

1. The painting depicts a Buddha holding a Lotus in one hand.

2. The painting creates the effect of three dimensionality.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q86. With reference to cultural history of India, consider the following statements:

1. Alvars were staunch devotees of lord Shiva.

2. Their hymns are compiled as the ‘Divya Prabandham’.

3. Alvars believed in achieving salvation by adherence to ritualistic practices

4. Andal, a female saint belonged to the Alvar community.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 2, 3 and 4

Q87. With reference to Buddhist philosophy, which of the following is referred to as “Furture Buddha”?

(a) Maitreya

(b) Avlokiteshvara

(c) Amitabha

(d) Manjushri

Q88. With reference to Indus Valley Civilisation, consider the following statements:

1. It had well planned grand temple structures which were used for the purpose of public worship.

2. Indus Valley Civilisation people knew about the existence of Rhinoceros.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q89. With reference to ancient Indian philosophy, consider the following statements:

1. Ajivikas believed in a cosmic force called ‘niyati’ that determines all aspects of life including an individual’s fate.

2. Charvakas held immense belief in the notion of afterworld and immortality of the self.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 and 2

Q90. With reference to Ashoka, consider the following statements:

1. Megasthenes visited the empire during reign of Ashoka.

2. Although Ashoka believed in nonviolence, he did not interfere with people’s right to slaughter animals.

Which of the statements above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q91. With reference to the famous Aihole inscription, consider the following statements:

1. Telugu and Kannada languages are used in the inscription to convey its message to the local populace.

2. It is a record of victories of Rashtrakutas over other kingdoms.

Which of the statements above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q92. With reference to Kailashnath temple at Ellora, consider the following statements:

1. It is a monolithic structure that is built out of a single rock.

2. It is constructed in accordance with Nagara style of temple building as demanded by patron king.

3. Scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata are inscribed on the temple.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q93. Consider the following pairs:

   Text                    Premise

1. Silappadikaram — Unjust execution of Kovalan

2. Manimekalai — Plight of Madhavi’s daughter

3. Mudrakarakshasa — Ravana’s tactics to kil Lord Ram

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q94. With reference to Vesara style of temple architecture, consider the following statements:

1. Vesara style of temple building is typically found in the deccan region.

2. Hoyasaleswara temple is a prominent example of Vesara architecture.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q95. With reference to Gupta coins in ancient India, consider the following statements:

1. Large number of Gold coins with higher level of purity was issued by later Guptas.

2. The coins contained images of kings as well as goddesses.

Which of the statements given above is are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q96. With reference to religious history of ancient India, the term ‘Pusan’ refers to:

(a) The god of the home

(b) The dragon-slayer god

(c) The solar god, driving daily across the sky

(d) The god guarding the cosmic order

Q97. With reference to scientific progress in ancient India, consider the following statements:

1. Varahamihira in Panch Siddhantika discussed the concept of Trigonometry.

2. Aryabhatta was the first book to mention “zero” as a number.

3. Brihatsamhita was the first text to mention surgery.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Q98. Which of the following has/have been accorded ‘Geographical Indication’ status?

1. Madhubani Painting

2. Azulejos painting

3. Kangra Painting

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q99. With reference to Vaisheshika school of thought, consider the following statements:

1. The school propounded the atom theory and applied it to explain the formation of object.

2. It believes in both soul and its transmigration.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor

Q100. Which of the following are Buddhist texts?

1. Uttaradhyayana Sutta

2. Dipavamsa

3. Therigatha

4. Ashokavadana

5. Vessantara Jataka

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 4 and 5 only

(d) 1, 2 and 5 only

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