Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 23

Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 MCQs: Most Probable Prelims Questions – New PDF Compilations of Important MCQs Also Available for Download. These questions will be highly useful for aspirants preparing as it covers both static and current topics. Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 23.

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1. Bhasan Char island is located in the?

 (a) Bay of Bengal

 (b) Gulf of Mannar

 (c) Gulf of Kutch

 (d) Gulf of Oman

2. Consider the following statements about the World Trade Organization (WTO):

  1. The World Trade Organization (WTO) officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement
  2. The WTO is run by its member governments.
  3. The WTO is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 and 3 only

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

3. Consider the following statements about Giant Leatherback turtle:

  1. Giant Leatherback turtle are found in all oceans except the Arctic and the Antarctic.
  2. They are also listed in Schedule I of India’s Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  3. Within the Indian Ocean, they nest only in Indonesia and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2

 (b) 3 only

 (c) 2 and 3

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

4. Recently ‘Sandes’ was in news, is related to which of the following?

 (a) a spy satellite designed to monitor India’s borders

 (b) an instant messaging platform

 (c) an airborne early warning and control system of the Indian Air Force

 (d) a male-looking space faring humanoid robot

5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Maharaja Suheldev was a legendary king of Shravasti who is known to have defeated and killed Afzal Khan, a general who served the Adil Shahi dynasty of Bijapur Sultanate in India.
  2. Raja Suheldev finds mention in ‘Mirat-i-Masudi’, a 17th century Persian-language historical account.
  3. Maharaja Suheldev and Mughal emperor Jahangir are contemporaries.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) 1 and 3 only

 (d) 2 and 3 only

6. In which one of the following States is Karlapat Wild Life Sanctuary located?

 (a) Kerala

 (b) Karnataka

 (c) Telangana

 (d) Odisha

7. With reference to SVAMITVA scheme, consider the following statements:

It is a centrally sponsored scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Rural Development.

Under the scheme, the property card for every property in the village will be prepared by central government using accurate measurements delivered by drone-mapping.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

8. Consider the following statements about National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC):

  1. NSDC is a not-for-profit public limited company.
  2. The GOI through Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) holds 51% of the share capital of NSDC.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

9. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Prime Minister constitutes Standing Committees of the Cabinet and sets out the specific functions assigned to them.
  2. Cabinet Committee on Appointments decides on all important empanelment and shift of officers serving on Central deputation.
  3. The Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs addresses problems related to Centre-state relations.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 only

 (d) 2 only

10. Arrange the following locations in the direction of West to East:

  1. Limpiyadhura Pass
  2. Kalapani
  3. Lipulekh Pass

Select the correct answer using the code below:

 (a) 1-2-3

 (b) 3-2-1

 (c) 1-3-2

 (d) 2-1-3

Q11. Consider the following statements about the Global Tiger Forum (GTF):

1. It is a network of Non-Government Organisations.

2. It is the only international body campaigning to save Tigers worldwide.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q12. With reference to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, consider the following statements:

1. It was formed under the Washington Treaty in 1949.

2. It constitutes a system of collective defence.

3. It was formed in cold war era to solve disputes between member states by military means only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q13. Consider the following statements regarding the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol:

1. It is a legally binding agreement.

2. It aims to completely phase out the use of ozone depleting substances.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q14. With reference to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), consider the following statements:

1. It is a non-profit body that administers domain names and Internet protocol.

2. It is constituted under the United Nations.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q15. Animals like Hoolock Gibbon, Tigers, Elephants and Rhinos can be found here. It was the first natural World Heritage site declared by UNESCO in India. The National park hosts two thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. It was also declared as a Tiger Reserve. This National Park is:

a) Orang National Park

b) Manas National Park

c) Kaziranga National Park

d) Nameri National Park

Q16. Consider the following statements regarding Palermo protocols:

1. These protocols and conventions fall within the jurisdiction of the United Nations.

2. It grants special protection to women, children and migrants.

3. The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking of Persons is a legally binding instrument.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q17. With Reference to the ‘Environment (Protection) Act 1986 ’, consider the following statements:

1. Act provides special procedures for handling hazardous substances.

2. The act has a provision of Locus standi.

3. Civil courts are debarred from entertaining any suit with respect to orders issued by centre government.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q18. With reference to ‘Janani Suraksha Yojna’, consider the following statements:

1. It is a centrally sponsored scheme under the National Health Mission

2. It entitles cash assistance to every pregnant woman irrespective of the age of mother or number of children.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q19. Consider the following statements about Minamata Convention:

1. It does not cover natural emissions of mercury.

2. India has not ratified the convention.

3. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) serves as a “financial mechanism” to the Minamata Convention.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q20. With reference to Anthrax disease, consider the following statements:

1. It is caused by Bacillus Anthraces bacteria commonly found in the soil.

2. Bacillus Anthracis bacteria are gram-positive bacteria.

3. Human beings cannot get infected by these bacteria.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

b) 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q21. With reference to the ‘National Forests Policy’, which of the following are its objectives:

1. Control the extension of sand dunes.

2. Involvement of women to minimize the pressure on existing forests.

3. Encouraging efficient utilization of forest produce and maximizing substitution of wood.

4. Meeting the requirements of fuel-wood, minor forest produce and small timber of the rural and tribal populations.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1, 2 and 4 only

b) 1, 2 and 3 only

c) 2 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q22. The ‘70 – point grading index’, recently seen in the news is related to:

a) Quality of medical services

b) Sanitation

c) Ease of doing business

d) Quality of school education

Q23. With Reference to the ‘Biological Diversity Act’ considers the following statements:

1. Biological resources under the act include human genetic material.

2. One of the objectives of the act is to provide equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q24. Consider the following statements with respect to ’Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission’:

1. It is one of the eight National Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).

2. The Mission has set the ambitious target of deploying 1,00,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022.

3. It is being implemented by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q25. Consider the following statements:

1. United Nation Forum on Forests (UNFF) is a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC).

2. TRAFFIC is a joint conservation programme of WWF and IUCN.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q26. With reference to the ‘Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers Act 2006’, consider the following statements:

1. National Parks haven’t been included for the recognition of Rights.

2. It provides rights to the government to use forest land for road, telecom communication and electricity.

3. The rights conferred under the Act shall be transferable.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q27. Sandbox Policy was recently seen in news. It is an initiative by which of the following bodies:

a) Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority

b) Small Industries Development Bank of India

c) Reserve Bank of India

d) Securities Exchange Board of India

Q28. Consider the following statements with regards to NABARD Consultancy Services (Nabcons)

1. It is a fully owned subsidiary promoted by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).

2. It is registered under the Companies Act, 1956.

3. It is engaged in providing consultancy in all spheres of agriculture, rural development and allied areas.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 2 and 3

b) 3 only

c) 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q29. With reference to the ‘Wildlife Protection Act’ (WLPA), considers the following statements:

1. ‘Vermin’ is specified in Schedule V of WLPA.

2. It has a provision for declaring an area as a national park.

3. The Chief Wildlife Warden is appointed by the Central Government.

4. State Governments can declare any wild animal as vermin.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q30. The ‘Suresh Mathur Committee’, was recently constituted for which of the following purposes?

a) To lay down standards for metro rail systems.

b) To review the regulatory framework on micro insurance.

c) To recommend measures to boost domestic output of oil and gas agencies.

d) Inter Country removal and retention of Children through Hague Convention.

Q31. With reference to the ‘Solid Waste Management Rules 2016’, consider the following statements:

1. Waste generators now have to segregate waste into three streams.

2. The disposal through construction of landfill is now allowed in hilly areas.

3. Both defense establishments and Ports are not covered under SWM rules 2016.

4. It aims to integrate waste/rag pickers and Kabadiwalas in the formal system.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 4 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Q32. Consider the following statements:

1. Paris Climate Agreement is a long-term goal is to keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above preindustrial levels.

2. The agreement will enter into force from 2020.

3. It was formulated within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q33. With reference to the ‘Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers Act 2006’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. The act provides only community rights and not individual rights.

2. The process of recognizing the rights of the people lies under the Gram Sabha.

3. In case of married persons rights will be registered in the name of the wife.

4. The maximum limit of forest land to be recognized as a right under the Act is 5 hectare.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 and 4

b) 2 only

c) 2, 3 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q34. With Reference to the ‘Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017’, consider the following statements:

1. Conservation and management principles will be determined by wetlands authority.

2. Rules replaced national wetland committee with the central wetlands regulatory authority (CWRA).

3. Under rules Centre will prepare list of all wetlands in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q35. Consider the following statements:

1. Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE) is a program under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

2. The South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN) aims at working as a strong regional intergovernmental body for combating wildlife crime.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q36. Consider the following statements with respect to Biodiversity Management Committees (BMC):

1. Environment Protection Act (EPA) 1986 mandates all local bodies to setup BMC.

2. Kerala is the first state in India to have completed the formation of a BMC.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q37.Arrange the following Greenhouse Gases in order of increasing Global Warming Potential (in a time horizon of 20 years):

1. Methane

2. Carbon dioxide

3. Nitrous Oxide

4. Sulphur hexafluoride

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1-2-3-4

b) 2-1-3-4

c) 4-3-2-1

d) 3-1-2-4

Q38. With Reference to the ‘The National Green Tribunal Act’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It allows for giving relief and compensation to people affected by damages.

2. India became the third country in the world to have a dedicated green tribunal.

3. Green tribunal is mandated to dispose of cases within 1 year of appeal.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 3 and 2 only

c) 2 only

d) 1 and 2 only

Q39. Consider the following statements about the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES):

1. It is a specialised agency of the United Nation.

2. It is administered through the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

3. It aims to ensure that international trade in plants and animals does not threaten their survival in the wild.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q40. Which of the following statements is correct about the project TRINITEA?

a) It is a project of NASA to find about the evidence regarding the presence of Black hole.

b) It is a project of ESA to deviate the asteroids that collides with Earth.

c) It aims at providing support to the Small Tea Growers at the farm and market level.

d) It is a tri ministerial project of Government of India for the socio-economic development of the girl child.

Q41. It is emitted by natural sources such as wetlands, as well as human activities such as leakage from natural gas systems and the raising of livestock. It is one of the major contributors to the warming of the earth due to its capacity to absorb both incoming and terrestrial radiation. The greenhouse gas being described here is:

a) Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

b) Nitrogen oxide

c) Methane

d) Carbon dioxide

Q42. With Reference to the ‘The Ozone Depleting Substances Rules’, consider the following statements:

1. Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules came in year 2001.

2. Rules prohibit the use of CFCs in manufacturing but allowed in inhaler.

3. Rules don’t prohibit the use of Hydro chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q43. With reference to ‘Sacred Groves’, consider the following statements:

1. They are generally dedicated to local folk deities.

2. The largest number of sacred groves can be found in Himachal Pradesh.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Sacred Groves

b) Buffer Zones

c) Tropical Forests

d) Temperate Forests

Q44. Consider the following statements about the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands:

1. It is the only global environmental treaty that deals with this particular ecosystem.

2. Birdlife international is International Organization Partners (IOPs) of the Convention.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q45. Which of the following statements are correct regarding AICHI Biodiversity targets for the 2011-2020 periods?

a) The targets were adopted by the Convention on Biological Diversity at its Nagoya conference.

b) India is the 1st country in Asia which has submitted a report which provides an update of progress in achievement of 15 National Biodiversity Targets in line with 20 Global AICHI Targets.

c) Both a and b

d) Neither a nor b

Q46. Consider the following statements with respect to “Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB):

1. The DCGI is advised by the Drug Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) and the Drug Consultative Committee (DCC)

2. All medical devices in the country come under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q47. How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the indian agriculture?

1. It checks biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.

2. It directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.

3. Application for Intellectual Property Rights related to genetic/biological resources cannot be made without the approval of NBA.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q48. The effectiveness of any greenhouse gas molecule will depend on which of the following factors?

1. Magnitude of the increase in its concentration

2. Lifetime in the atmosphere

3. Wavelength of the radiation it absorbs

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q49. Consider the following statements regarding IRV (Indian Rhino Vision) – 2020:

1. It is being implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Forests along with the Bodo Autonomous Council.

2. Among 4 priorities: Anti – poaching, Monitoring, Translocations and Community conservation – Translocations forms the backbone of the programme.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q50. With Reference to the ‘Island Protection Zone (IPZ) 2019 for Andaman and Nicobar’, consider the following statements:

1. It allows eco-tourism projects 20 metres from the high tide line (HTL) in smaller islands and at 50 metres in larger ones.

2. The notification allows for construction of roads, roads on stilts by reclaiming land in exceptional cases for defence installations, public utilities or strategic purposes in ecosensitive zones.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q51. Which of the following correctly define ‘Biodiversity Cold spots’?

a) High biological diversity of endemic plants with high rate of habitat loss

b) High biological diversity of endemic plants with low rate of habitat loss

c) Low biological diversity of endemic plants with low rate of habitat loss

d) Low biological diversity of endemic plants with high rate of habitat loss

Q52. Consider the following statements about International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO):

1. It is an intergovernmental organization promoting the sustainable management and conservation of tropical forests.

2. It promotes the expansion and diversification of international trade in tropical timber.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q53. The ‘Red Data Book’ published by IUCN contains a list of which of the following?

1. Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots.

2. Threatened plant and animal species.

3. Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 3 only

Q54. Which of the following is/are the cause(s) of climate change?

1. Changes in solar output

2. Cyclical changes in Earth‟s orbit and tilt

3. Volcanism

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q55. Which of the following can be considered as advantages of seaweed cultivation?

1. Habitat for fish breeding grounds

2. Production of methane

3. Food for humans

4. Fertilizers

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1, 2 and 3 only

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 2, 3 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q56. The term ‘’Montreux Record’’ is associated with which of the following convention/protocol:

a) Bonn convention

b) Ramsar convention

c) Vienna convention

d) Montreal protocol

Q57. Which of the following can be considered as the causes of Man – Animal Conflict?

1. Land use transformation

2. Injuries to people

3. Stochastic events

4. Human population growth

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1, 2 and 3 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) 1, 2 and 4 only

Q58. Which of the following ecological factors is/are responsible for Coral Bleaching?

1. Overexposure to high solar irradiance

2. Extreme low tides

3. Increase in ocean temperature

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1, 2 and 3

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1 and 3 only

Q59. Consider the following statements:

1. India represents the Palaearctic and Australian realm of Biogeography.

2. India is divided into 10 Bio geographic zones and 5 Biomes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 & 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q60. Consider the following statements about the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES):

1. All states members of the United Nations are eligible for IPBES membership.

2. IPBES does for biodiversity what the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) does for climate change.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q61. Which of the following can be considered as natural causes for Biodiversity loss?

1. Floods

2. Pollution

3. Landslides

4. Earthquakes

5. Habitat destruction

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1, 2 and 3 only

b) 2, 4 and 5 only

c) 1, 2 and 5 only

d) 1,3 and 4 only

Q62. Which of the following have the lowest albedo?

a) Bare soil

b) Desert Sand

c) Fresh Asphalt

d) Ocean ice

Q63. What is the objective of The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)?

a) To achieve an economic partnership that will cover trade in goods, services and investment.

b) To create a political and economic union like European Union.

c) To reduce trade barriers and secure improved market access.

d) Both a and c

Q64. Consider the following statements about Cartagena Biosafety Protocol (CBP):

1. It is an additional agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

2. It regulates the import and export of LMOs from one country to another.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q65. “Pegasus”, recently in the news is a/an:

a) Spyware

b) AI-enabled robot

c) New species of Penguin

d) Quantum Computer

Q66. With reference to the Bio Carbon Fund, consider the following statements:

1. It supports projects that generate financial returns from the sale of emission reductions.

2. It is managed by the World Bank.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q67. Which one of the following is the correct statement with respect to “Organoids”?

a) Chemical messengers that are secreted directly in to the blood, which carries them to organs and tissues of the body to exert their functions.

b) A group of cells grown in laboratories that mimic the cell arrangement of a fully-grown organ.

c) The process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either naturally or artificially.

d) Protein molecules in cells which work as biological catalysts.

Q68. Consider the following statements about Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD):

1. It is legally binding convention.

2. It covers all aspects of biological diversity

3. The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is located in Montreal, Canada.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q69. With reference to the G4 nations seeking early reform of United Nations Security Council (UNSC), consider the following statements about G4?

1) The G4 nations comprise Brazil, Turkey, India, and Japan.

2) The G4’s primary aim is the permanent member seats on the Security Council.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2 only

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q70. ‘Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary’ is situated in which of the following states?

a) Karnataka

b) Maharashtra

c) Tamil Nadu

d) Telangana

Q71. With reference to Tipu Jayanthi, consider the following statements about Tipu Sultan:

1) He devised a new land revenue system.

2) He had built a “state commercial cooperation” to set up factories.

3) He died defending his fort in Seringapatam

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q72. Consider the following statements.

1. Temple architecture in South India began under the Pallava ruler Mahendravarman.

2. Madurai School of temple architecture has Islamic Influence.

3. The Meenakshi temple in Madurai has the tallest gopuram in the world.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1, 2

 b) 1, 3

 c) 2, 3

 d) 1, 2, 3

Q73. Recently, there has been a debate about Daylight saving time (DST), In this context consider the following statements:

1. The concept Daylight saving started during World War 2.

2. Countries near the equator do not use DST.

3. It causes a loss of one hour of sleep in the autumn and an extra hour of sleep in the spring.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 3 only

d) 2 and 3 only

Q74. With reference to the Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE), consider the following statements:

1. It brings together students, teachers and scientists to study the global environment.

2. It is a United Nations (UN) led initiative.

3. Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change (MOEFCC) is the nodal agency for implementing the GLOBE programme in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1 and 3 only

Q75. With reference to Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions by mountain streams, consider the following statements:

1) Streams in plains have a higher average CO2 emission rate per square meter than streams at higher altitudes.

2) Streams in plains have higher average CO2 emissions due to the less turbulent flow of water on plains.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q76. The adoption of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is the outcome of:

a) Rio+20 Summit

b) Paris Climate Summit

c) Cancun Climate Summit

d) Rio+10 Summit

Q77. In the context of US military raid on ISIS and the death of its leader, consider the following statements about ISIS:

1. The aim of ISIS is to establish an “Islamic state based on Sharia law or Islamic Caliphate”.

2. It has vowed to convert India into a Khurasan State.

3. Khurasan is a historic name for a region that covers Afghanistan, Pakistan and parts of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q78. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is a financial mechanism for which of the following international environmental conventions?

1. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

2. Minamata Convention on Mercury

3. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

4. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 2 and 4 only

c) 1, 2 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

Q79. Consider the following statements:

1. Alpha diversity refers to the overall diversity for the different ecosystem within a region.

2. Beta diversity refers to a comparison of diversity between ecosystems.

3. Gamma diversity refers to diversity within a particular area or ecosystem.

Which of the statements given above are not correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q80. Consider the following statements about the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD):

1. It is a legally binding international agreement.

2. National action programmes (NAPs) are the key instruments to implement the Convention.

3. It is committed to a centralised and national approach in combating desertification.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q81. Consider the following statements about Earth Hour:

1. It is held annually.

2. It is celebrated generally in the month of March.

3. WWF is the parent organiser of the Earth Hour.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 Only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q82. Consider the following statements:

1. Epiphytes are non-parasitic plants that grow on another plant.

2. Xerophytic plants need large amounts of water to survive in an environment.

3. Mesophytes are terrestrial plants which are neither adapted to particularly dry nor particularly wet environments.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 Only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q83. With reference to Brucellosis, consider the following statements:

1. It is a bacterial disease which affects domestic animals.

2. It doesn’t affect human beings.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q84.Which of the following sets of pair(s) is/are correctly matched?

Agreement/initiative Convention/protocol

1. Nairobi declaration Stockholm convention

2. Delhi declaration United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

3. Changwon declaration United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q85. The term ‘Kappaphycus Alvarezii’, recently in the news, is related to:

a) It is an indigenous herb with special medicinal value found in Arunachal Pradesh.

b) It is a rare species of lizard found in Western Ghats

c) It is a parasite that spreads malaria in tropical regions.

d) It is invasive seaweed which killed coral reefs in Gulf of Mannar.

Q86. The “Living Planet Index” report is released by:

a) World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

b) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

c) Animal welfare board of India

d) UNFCCC

Q87. The term “Day Zero”, recently in the news is related:

a) It refers to a situation of chronic water scarcity.

b) It is celebrated with the launch of a new calendar.

c) A day observed by United Nations for the protection of wildlife.

d) The day is observed as a zero carbon emission.

Q88. Consider the following statements regarding Ecological succession:

1. Autogenic succession is done by same community over the same community.

2. Allogenic succession is brought about outside forces.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q89. Consider the following statements:

1. Dragonfly is NASA’s mission to fly a drone to Saturn’s moon Titan.

2. Titan is the largest natural satellite of Saturn.

3. The surface of Titan contains rivers and lakes of frozen water.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q90. Consider the following statements with regard to ‘Carbon credit’:

1. They are awarded for greenhouse emissions reduced or removed from the atmosphere by an emission reduction project.

2. The carbon credit system was ratified in conjunction with the Kyoto Protocol.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q91. Which one of the following best describes the term ‘Side Pocketing’, commonly used in economic parlance?

a) It is a tool used by schedule banks which provide customers with an option to have additional saving.

b) It is an initiative of NABARD to provide assistance to entrepreneurs in rural areas.

c) It is a framework that allows mutual funds to segregate the bad assets in separate portfolio within their debt schemes.

d) It is a programme of the government to develop the backward areas in the periphery of urban centres.

Q92. With reference to REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), consider the following statements:

1. It aims to enhance forest carbon stocks along with sustainable management of forest.

2. It is developed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

3. Under it, developing countries would receive payments for results-based actions.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) 1 and 3 only

Q93. With reference to the ‘Arogyapacha’, consider the following statements:

1. It is a medicinal plant endemic to Kerala.

2. It was traditionally used by the Kani tribal community.

3. It is used to combat fatigue.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

b) 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q94. Consider the following about Fluorinated gases:

1. They are emitted through semiconductor manufacturing processes.

2. They have the least global warming potential of all gases.

3. These gases are a cause of concern as they cannot be destroyed by any known natural processes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q95. The mutual delegation of executive power between centre and states cannot occur

a) From Centre to State through President

 b) From State to Centre through Governor

 c) From Centre to State through Parliament

 d) From State to Centre through State legislature

Q96. Consider the following statements with respect to Brown Carbon:

1. It is emerging as a solution to trap increasing atmospheric carbon.

2. It reflects all ultraviolet and visible light falling on it.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q97. Recently in the news, Carbon Quantum Dots is a:

a) Desalination technique.

b) Process used in chimneys to filter pollutants in the air.

c) Diagnostic tool for detection of cancerous cells in the human body.

d) Device used in LED television screen for better visual effects.

Q98. Consider the following about the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM):

1. It allows industrialized countries to buy certified emission reduction (CER) and to invest in emission reductions in developing economies.

2. If emission reduction in a project would have happened anyway, it is still counted as a part of CDM.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q99. ‘Solanum Plastisexum’, recently seen in the news, is related to:

a) It is a species of tomato found in north Australia that exhibits hermaphrodites.

b) It is marine species found in the Southern Ocean.

c) It is a type of weed that usually attacks wheat plants in subtropical regions.

d) It is a plant species which is useful for treating dengue fever

Q100. With reference of the office of the Lok Sabha Speaker, consider the following statements:

1. He/ She hold the office during the pleasure of the President.

2. He/ She need not be a member of the House at the time of his/her election but has to become a member of the House within six months from the date of his/her election.

3. If he/she intends to resign, the letter of his/her resignation has to be addressed to the Deputy Speaker.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 3 only

 b) 1, 2

 c) 2, 3

 d) None

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