[Sociology Test 6] RPSC College Lecturer Exam 2020

[Sociology Test 6] RPSC College Lecturer Exam 2020Rajasthan Public Service Commission conducts the recruitment for Technical and Non Technical Education Department for the post of Lecture. The Rajasthan Public Service Commission has released the recruitment for Assistant Professor and lecturer (Technical Education) Posts. There are 918 vacancies for these posts. This is a big opportunity for candidates who waiting for jobs in RPSC. It is essential to know details like Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Exam Date, Previous Year Papers, and Admit Card.

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1. Societies which are relatively small, non-literate, homogeneous and cohesive is called:

(a) Folk societies

(b) Urban societies

(c) Rural societies

(d) Industrial societies

2. Which one of the following is a constitutional safeguard for Scheduled Castes?

(a) Providing agriculture land to them

(b) Providing employment to them

(c) Providing houses to them

(d) Abolition of untouchability

3. Consider the following characteristics:

1. Economic relations based on barter and exchange

2. Manufacturing of capital goods

3. Absence of specialisation based on technical ability

4. Absence of regular market

Which of these are salient characteristics of primitive economy?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 2, 3 and 4

(d) 1 and 4

4. Consider the following statements:

Rural society can be distinguished from urban society in terms of-

1. Sex ratio

2. Density of population

3. Way of life

4. Size of population

Which of these is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 2, 3 and 4

5. Who among the following characterised the movement from simpler societies to complex societies as one from status to contract?

(a) H. Maine

(b) W.H. Summer

(c) H. Spencer

(d) C. Simmel

6. Consider the following characteristic features:

1. Formal organisation

2. Militancy

3. Collective bargaining

4. Political affiliation

Which of these are typical of genuine trade unions:

(a) 1, 2 and 4

(b) 3 and 4

(c) 2, 3 and 4

(d) 1, 3 and 4

7. Assertion (A) – Today there is strong emphasis on economic growth accompanies by social justice.

Reason (R) – The earlier emphasis on economic growth has led to wider disparities between rich and poor, rural and the urban people in India.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

8. Assertion (A) – With the help of computer, the organisation of work and the location of work are altered.

Reason (R) – The, computer makes possible increased surveillance of workers and depersonalisation.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

9. The specialisation of work tasks by which different occupations are combined, within a production system, is called:

(a) Production system

(b) Production relations

(c) Mode of production

(d) Division of labour

10. Assertion (A)- The peasant movements of India have brought in some agrarian reforms.

Reason (R)- Such movements are always well organised at the grassroot level.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

11. Which one of the following may become a reference group for a given person?

(a) The group to which the person belongs or does not belong

(b) Only that group to which the person does not belong

(c) Only that group to which the person belongs

(d) Only that group of which the person is a member only on the basis of achievement

12. Which one of the following statements correctly define role-set?

(a) Different roles played by different persons of different status

(b) Different roles played by same person in different capacities

(c) Different roles played by the same person in same capacity

(d) Similar roles played by different persons of same status

13. The sociological term used to describe the statuses 0 intern, resident and independent medical practitioner successively occupied by a medical student is:

(a) Status sequence

(b) Status group

(c) Status set

(d) Achieved status

14. Consider the following statements:

1. An activity of a person to discharge obligations associated with his/her position is called role

2. A situation in which a person is confronted with compatible role expectations is called role conflict

3. Different roles to be performed by a person holding different positions in different groups is called role- set

4. A position of an individual within a system of social stratification is called status

Which of these are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2 and 4

(d) 3 and 4

15. Consider the following statements:

1. A norm is a standard of socially approved behaviour while a value is an idea about what is good, right, wise or beneficial

2. A norm is always backed by operative sanctions whereas a value is not

3. Values are general but norms are specific

4. Norms are cultural traits but values are not

Which of these are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1, 2 and 4

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

16. Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Social processes are always associative

(b) Social processes are always dissociative

(c) Social processes may be both associative and dissociative

(d) Social processes are neither associative nor dissociative

17. Which one of the following sequence correctly represents the order of stages of development of personality as postulated by Sigmund Freud?

(a) Anal, phallic, oral, latency, adolescence

(b) Phallic, anal, oral, latency, adolescence

(c) Oral, anal, phallic, latency, adolescence

(d) Oral, anal, phallic, adolescence, latency

18. Which one of the following is an example of anticipatory socialisation?

(a) Parents socialising their unmarried daughters for appropriate adjustments with their husbands’ families in the life after marriage

(b) A house-wife teaching her maid about proper ways of doing things in the household

(c) Training of soldiers to fight enemies

(d) A manager undergoing a training programme for improving his communication skills

19. Social distance scale as a technique for measuring attitudes was developed by

(a) L. Thurstone

(b) L. Guttman

(d) A. L. Lundberg

(d) E. Bogardus

20. A process whereby the norms and rules in various social settings grow and crystallise is called:

(a) Socialisation

(b) Interaction

(c) Sanskritisation

(d) Institutionalisation

21. Weber’s typology of action include:

(a) Action and reaction

(b) Rational action in relation to goal, rational action in relation to value, emotional action and traditional action

(c) Traditional action, charismatic action and rational action

(d) Class-based action and status-based action

22. Which one of the following practices of bringing up children gives rise to the authoritarian personality in adult life?

(a) Advice instead of domination

(b) Matter of prestige instead of the situation

(c) Encouragement instead of criticism

(d) Withholding reward instead of punishment

23. Assertion (A): Racial prejudice refers to an attitude that predisposes people of a racial group to think or act negatively towards other racial groups.

Reason (R): It arises from unfounded beliefs in racial superiority and inferiority.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

24. Assertion (A)- Man is the product of the cultural milieu in which he is born.

Reason (R)- Culture determines every aspect of human personality.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

25. Assertion (A) – Numerous theories have been put forward to explain the origin of society.

Reason (R) – The theories of society do not provide adequate exploration of its origin, they are therefore numerous.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

26. Training given to a person for acquiring membership in a non-membership group is called:

(a) Conformity

(b) Deviance

(c) Re-socialisation

(d) Anticipatory socialisation

27. Who among the following called village community as a little community?

(a) Max Mueller

(b) Toennies

(c) Henry Maine

(d) Robert Redfield

28. Communist societies are classified as:

(a) First World

(b) Second World

(c) Third World

(d) Fourth World

29. The feeling of ethnocentrism by a group in a multilateral society results in:

(a) Strengthening of loyalty to all cultures

(b) Weakening of loyalty to all cultures

(c) Cultural harmony

(d) Cultural conflict

30. Assertion (A) – Social change is always planned.

Reason (R) – Societies are not resistant to change.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

31. The term kinship refers to a set of relationships between:

(a) Consanguineal relatives

(b) Affinal relatives

(c) Relatives of three generations

(d) Consanguineal and affinal relatives

32. If a married couple lives with a brother of the groom’s mother, then the couple follows which one of the following residency rules?

(a) Uxorilocal

(b) Neolocal residence

(c) Avunculocal residence

(d) Virilocal

33. Consider the following statements- Dalit Movement seeks:

1. To raise social awareness among Dalits about their rights

2. Privileges for the Dalits

3. To bring social change through revolution

Which of these are correct?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

34. Through Tebhaga Moveihent, the sharecroppers demanded to retain:

(a) One-third of their produce

(b) Three-fourth of their produce

(c) Two-third of their produce

(d) Half of their produce

35.Which of the following relationships are repeated through the above chart?

(a) Polygyny and cross-cousin marriage

(b) Polyandry and sororate

(c) Matrilineal joint family

(d) Polyandry and cross-cousin marriage

36. Consider the following stages of social change:

1. Metaphysical

2. Positivistic

3. Theological

4. Civilised

Which of these form part of Comte’s scheme of social change?

(a) 1, 2 and 4

(b) 3 and 4

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

37. A marriage always occurring outside a certain group of relations, is called-

(a) Hypergamy

(b) Endogamy

(c) Exogamy

(d) Hypogamy

38. According to Hindu traditional belief, marriage is a

(a) Contract

(b) Sacrament

(c) Bond

(d) Formality

39. Consider the following characteristics:

1. Husband may be a casual visitor

2. Wives come to live in the houses of their husbands

3. Children have ordinarily no right over property of the mother’s family

4. Father is the supreme head of the family

Which of these characteristics are those of a Patriarchal family?

(a) 2, 3 and 4

(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 2 and 4

(d) 1, 2 and 4

40. Which one of the following is the characteristic feature of classification of family into matrilineal and patrilineal family?

(a) Residence of spouse

(b) Sexual division of labour

(c) Descendants of the same ancestor

(d) Differential power of male and female

41. Consider the following stages of evolutions:

1. Monogamy

2. Polygyny

3. Polyandry

4. Promiscuity

According to unilineal evolutionists, the universally correct sequence of these evolutions is (a) 3, 4, 1 and 2

(b) 4, 3, 1 and 2

(c) 4, 3, 2 and 1

(d) 3, 4, 2 and 1

42. Assertion (A)- Members of the extended family typically live together in a single household or in adjacent households.

Reason (R)- They function as an integrated economic unit.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

43. Assertion (A): Kinship is clearly a wider category than family.

Reason (R): It includes not only husband, wife and their children, but also grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

44. The existence of structural inequalities between groups in a given society in terms of their differential access to material or symbolic rewards is called:

(a) Differentiation

(b) Stratification

(c) Multiculturalism

(d) Heterogeneity

45. Which one of the following provisions has been provided in the Constitution of India to facilitate provision of drinking water for the Scheduled Castes?

(a) Construction of new wells for them

(b) Their resettlement at places where drinking water is available in plenty

(c) Removing restrictions on the use of all wells and water tanks

(c) Launching of Specific Drinking Water Programmes for them

46. In the event of a decline in the rate of socio-economic change, social mobility likewise tends to decline in:

(a) Caste stratification

(b) Estate stratification

(c) Class stratification

(d) Ethnic stratification

47. Upward or downward social mobility in a stratification system within the course of an individuals career is called:

(a) Zero-sum mobility

(b) Horizontal mobility

(c) Inter-generational mobility

(d) Intra-generational mobility

48. Consider the following statements:

1. Marx distinguished between class-in-itself and class- for-itself

2. Marx distinguished between class and status group

3. Marx distinguished between bourgeoisie and proletariat

4. Marx distinguished between productivity relations and mode of productivity

Which of these are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4

49. According to Max Weber, members of the same:

(a) Class have common life style

(b) Class have common life chances

(c) Class belong to the same status group

(d) Status group belong to the same class

50. Who among the following viewed feudal society as an intermediate stage both chronologically and logically between the slave and modern capitalism?

(a) Lenin

(b) Stalin

(c) Durkheim

(d) Marx and Engels

51. The process of social mobility found latently within the caste system in India is identified by M. N. Srinivas as:

(a) Sanskritisation

(b) Brahmanisation

(c) Traditionalisation

(d) Modernisation

52. Consider the following characteristics:

1. Patriarchy

2. Endogamy

3. Hierarchy

4. Equality

Which of these are typical of Hindu Caste System?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2 and 4

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1 and 4

53. Assertion (A)- Traditionally, caste status and occupation status have been interrelated.

Reason (R)- Division of labour enhances economic efficiency.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

54. Assertion (A)- Social mobility is necessarily more in class societies than in caste societies.

Reason (R)- A single individual in a class society can move up to a class higher than that of his birth.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

55. Assertion (A)- A loW caste person usually Sanskritises its style of life and ritual on becoming wealthy.

Reason (R)- Sanskritisation resolves the inconsistency between newly acquired wealth and low ritual rank.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

56. Assertion (A)- After independence, some castes developed vested interests in Backwardness.

Reason (R)- It helped them secure upward social mobility.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

57. Assertion (A) – The power and prestige which land¬owning castes command put them in dominating positions vis-a-vis all castes, including those castes which have ritually higher status than their own.

Reason (R) – Land ownership is a crucial factor in establishing dominance.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

58. Assertion (A) – Absence of high degree of division of labour is a common feature of all simple societies.

Reason (R) – A simple society can survive without division of labour.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

59. Assertion (A) – In India, it is possible to change ones religion but not caste.

Reason (R) – In India, an individual inherits caste by birth, while membership of religious groups is acquired.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true.

60. According to Karl Marx:

(a) Infrastructure is unrelated to superstructure

(b) Infrastructure is unimportant

(c) Superstructure influences infrastructure

(d) Infrastructure influences superstructure

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