[History Test 4] RPSC College Lecturer Exam 2021

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1. A well-organised state machinery was introduced for the first time by

(A) The Vedic Aryans

(B) Alexander

(C) The Guptas

(D) The Mauryas

2. Which of the following Gods lost his importance as the first deity during the later Vedic period?

(A) Varuna

(B) Agni

(C) Vishnu

(D) Rudra

3. Which of the following was the God of Animal during the later Vedic period?

(A) Indra

(B) Rudra

(C) Vishnu

(D) Prajapatbi

4. Which of the following animals was not known to the people of Indus Valley Civilisation?

(A) Horse

(B) Cow

(C) Goat

(D) Elephant

5. When Alexander invaded India, Taxila was ruled by

(A) Ambhi

(B) Porus

(C) Ashoka

(D) Bimbisara

6. There are similarities between the seals found at Mohenjo-Daro and ______.

(A) Egypt

(B) China

(C) Sumeria

(D) Afghanistan

7. Which of the following was the cause of the decline of Buddhism?

(A) Buddhism was founded by a prince

(B) Corruption crept into Buddhist monasteries

(C) Buddha and Mahavira were contemporaries

(D) Buddha preached non-violence

8. Kautilya (also known as Vishnugupta and Chanakya) is the author of Arthasastra which has been compared with

(A) Plato’s State

(B) Machiavelli’s Prince

(C) Karl Marx’s Das Kapital

(D) Hitler’s Mein Kampf

9. Megasthanes, the ambassador of Selucus at the Mauryan court in Pataliputra, wrote an account of the period in his book?

(A) Travels of Megasthanes

(B) Indika

(C) Indicoplecusts

(D) Both (B) and (C)

10. Which of the following is the single most important source of the history of Ashoka?

(A) Sri Lankan chronicles Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa

(B) Buddhist works Divyavadana and Ashokavadana

(C) Inscriptions of Ashoka

(D) Archaeological Sources and the Puranas

11. Ashoka’s claim to be one of the greatest rulers in world history life in the fact that

(A) His aims covered both the religious and secular aspects of life

(B) He worked for the material moral and spiritual uplift of the people

(C) After a single conquest he dedicated himself completely to the cause of peace

(D) He attempted to unify the people of different castes and communities into a bound of common moral ideal

12. In Jainism the aim of life is to attain Nirvana or Moksha for which one has to

(A) Follow three jewels and five vows

(B) Practice, non-violence and non-injury to all living beings

(C) Renounce the world and attain right knowledge

(D) Believe in the Jains and absolute non-violence

13. The moat important official post with vast responsibilities created by Asoka was

(A) Rajuka

(B) Yukta

(C) Dharamamahamatya

(D) Prativedaka

14. During Kanishka’s reign, the centre of political activity shifted from Magadha to

(A) Delhi

(B) Ayodhya

(C) Kannauj

(D) Purushapura (Peshawar)

15. Which one of the following sculptures invariably used green schist as the medium?

(A) Maurya sculptures

(B) Mathura sculptures

(C) Bharhut sculptures

(D) Gandhara sculptures

16. In the context of ancient Indian society, which one of the following terms does not belong to the category of the other three?

(A) Kula

(B) Vamsa

(C) Kosa

(D) Gotra

17. The deep transforming effect that the Kalinga War had on Ashoka has been described in?

(A) Archaeological excavations

(B) Rock edicts

(C) Coins

(D) Pillar edicts

18. The proud title of ‘Vikramaditya’ had been assumed by

(A) Harsha

(B) Chandragupta II

(C) Kanishka

(D) Samudragupta

19. Which of the following was the first metal to be discovered and used as tools by humans?

(A) Iron

(B) Gold

(C) Tin

(D) Copper

20. The Hindu social sacraments such as marriage etc. are performed on the basis of the rituals described in the

(A) Rigveda

 (B) Yajurveda

(C) Grihyasutras

(D) Upanishad

21. Buddhism was divided into Mahayana and Hinayana during the reign of

(A) Asoka

(B) Kanishka

(C) Menander

(D) Harsha

22. of the following Kushan Kings who assumed the title “the Lord of the Whole World”?

(A) Kadphises I

(B) Kadphises II

(C) Kanishka

(D) Huvishka

23. The Monk whom Chandragupta Maurya accompanied to South India was _______.

(A) Asvaghosa

(B) Vasumitra

(C) Upagupta

(D) Bhadrabahu

24. Arrange the following Magadhan dynasties in chronological order:

1. Nandas

2. Sisunagas

3. Mauryas

4. Haryankas

(A) IV, II, III and I

(B) II, I, IV and III

(C) IV, II, I and III

(D) III, I, IV and II

25. Which of the following are beliefs of Buddhism?

(i) The world is full of sorrows.

(ii) People suffer on account of desire.

(iii) If desires are conquered, nirvana will be attained.

(iv) The existence of God and soul must be recognised.

(A) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

(B) (ii) and (iii)

(C) (i), (ii) and (iii)

(D) (ii), (iii) and (iv)

26. The greatest Kushana ruler whose contribution to Buddhism was even greater than that of Ashoka was

(A) Kadphises

(B) Kanishka I

(C) Vaishka

(D) Huvishka

27. Who, from among the following rulers, had ruled over the largest part of India?

(A) Kanishka

(B) Chandragupta I

(C) Chandragupta Maurya

(D) Ashoka

28. Name the later Gupta ruler who had performed the Ashvaghosha Yajna (Horse

Sacrifice) and assumed the Imperial title of Maharajadhiraj?

(A) Kamarupa

(B) Mahasena Gupta

(C) Adityasen

(D) Kumaragupta III

29. The Indus Valley Civilization has been assigned the period 2500-1800 BC on the basis of?

(A) Mystical insight by modern seers

(B) Markings on seals

(C) Radio carbon dating

(D) Travellers written accounts

30. Which of the following forms of land tenure denoted an entire village being donated to Brahmins?

(A) Jagir

(B) Zamindari

(C) Brahmadeya

(D) Devadana

31. What is the present name of Dwara Samudra, the ancient capital of the Hoysalas?

(A) Mathura

(B) Halebid

(C) Raourkela

(D) Belur

32. Who among the following was the founder of the Nanda dynasty?

(A) Mahapadma Nanda

(B) Ashoka Nanda

(C) Dhana Nanda

(D) None of the above

33. The Yueh-Chi were driven out from western China by the

(A) Hunas

(B) Rashtrika

(C) Mangols

(D) Bhojakas

34. Who among the following is not associated with medicine In ancient India?

(A) Dhanvantri

(B) Susruta

(C) Bhaskaracharya

(D) Charaka

35. During the reign of Kanishka, Buddhism for the first time went to China and from China it went to?

(A) Burma and Tibet

(B) Thailand and Cambodia

(C) Korea and Japan

(D) Indonesia and Vietnam

36. Which of the following were the personal physician of Kanishka and also the author of a famous treatise on the Indian system of medicine?

(A) Charaka

(B) Susruta

(C) Nagarjuna

(D) Jevaka

37. The earliest stratum of the history of the Tamils is known as

(A) Chola Age

(B) Pandyan Age

(C) Sangam Age

(D) Pallava Age

38. The Sangam Age in the history of South India represents

(A) The period of Aryanisation of South India

(B) A period when an assembly of a college of Tamil poets was held at Madurai

(C) A literary-cultural phase of the Tamilham during the first three centuries of the

Christian era

(D) Both (B) and (C) above

39. Which of the following is one of the greatest classics of the Sangam literature?

(A) Tikappiyam

(B) Kural

(C) Pattuppattu

(D) Silapadikaram or Manimekalai

40. The Gupta king who is known in the Indian legends as Vikramaditya was

(A) Chandragupta I

(B) Samudragupta

(C) Chandragupta II

(D) Skandagupta

41. The Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang, called the Prince of Pilgrims visited India during the reign of?

(A) Harsha

(B) Chandragupta II

(C) Dharampala

(D) Devapala

42. Harshacharita the biography of Harsha, was written by

(A) Banabhatta

(B) Sudraka

(C) Sri Harsha

(D) Gunadhva

43. Harsha was the last great royal patron of

(A) Jainism

(B) Buddhism

(C) Shaivism

(D) Bhagavatism

44. After the death of Harsha, a tripartite struggle ensued between the three contemporary powers for the supremacy of Kannauj. Which of the following was not a party in the struggle?

(A) Gurjar Partiharas

(B) Rastrakutas

(C) Palas

(D) Paramaras

45. The Sunga period saw the growth of one of the following religions. Identify.

(A) Brahmanism

(B) Shaivism

(C) Buddhism

(D) Nature worship

46. Which one of the following was not a characteristic of society in Mauryan times?

(A) Slavery

(B) Rigidity of Caste

(C) Prostitution

(D) Widow Remarriage

47. Which one of the following was initially the most powerful city state of India in the 6th century BC?

(A) Gandhar

(B) Kamboj

(C) Kashi

(D) Magadh

48. Who was the hero of a famous drama Malvlkagnimitra written by Kalidasa?

(A) Vasumitra

(B) Vajramitra

(C) Pushyamitra

(D) Agnimitra

49. The Mauryan sculptors had attained the highest perfection in the carving of

(A) floral designs

(B) pillars

(C) animal figures

(D) yaksha figures

50. Which of the following was not one of the actual cause for the decline of the Mauryan empire?

(A) Ashoka’s pacifist policies

(B) Division of the empire after Ashoka

 (C) Foreign aggressions particularly Greek

(D) Economic and financial crisis

51. The Gandhara-Mathura School of Art, which flourished during the Kushana period and the foreign influence of

(A) Greece

(B) Rome

(C) Both (A) and (B) above

(D) China

52. The greatest Kushana ruler whose contribution to Buddhism was even greater than that of Ashoka, was

(A) Kadphises

(B) Kanishka I

(C) Kanishka

(D) Huvishka

53. In the sixth century BC northern India was divided into

(A) Sixteen great states

(B) Eight republican states

(C) Both (A) and (B) above

(D) Anga and Magadha

54. of all the states in northern India in 6th century BC which of the following states emerged as the most powerful?

(A) Anga

(B) Magadha

(C) Kashi

(D) Kosala

55. Chandragupta Maurya with the help of Chanakya decided to overthrow the Nandas because?

(A) Chanakya had been humiliated by the Nandas

(B) the Nandas were low-born

(C) the Nandas had accumulated a great deal of wealth by extortion and oppression of the people

(D) Chanakya wanted to restore the ideal of Kshatriya rule

56. The greatest claim to fame of the Satavahanas is on account of

(A) Pursuing a tolerant religious policy and giving common patronage to Buddhism and


(B) Adoption of Prakrit as their court language in preference to Sanskrit

(C) Great economic prosperity and brisk inland and foreign trade

(D) Great contribution to Indian art as evident from the art of Amravati and


57. The Phrsae the ‘Light of Asia’ is applied to

(A) Alexander

(B) Chandragupta Maurya

(C) Mahavira

(D) The Buddha

58. Ashoka was much influenced by Buddhist monk called

(A) Upagupta

(B) Vasubandhu

(C) Ambhi

(D) Asvagosha

59. Which of the following was the main part of Aurobindo’s programme to achieve independence?

(a) Organisation of secret societies

(b) Passive resistance

(c) Constitutional agitation

(d) Terrorism

60. The British Governor General and Viceroy who served for the longest period in India was

(a) Lord Irwin

(b) Lord Dalhousie

(c) Lord Curzon

(d) Lord Linlithgow

61. The Communist Party of India was founded in 1921 by

(a) Hiren Mukherjee

(b) SM Joshi

(c) MN Roy

(d) RC Dutt

62. Why did Mahatma Gandhi ultimately lend his support to the resolution passed by the Congress Working Committee agreeing to the partition of India in spite of his personal, life- long outspoken disapproval of Pakistan?

(a) There was no other go after he was presented with a fait accompli

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru convinced him about the justification in favour of it

(c) To prevent the loss of prestige of the Congress Ministers who had agreed to the partition

(d) The problem at home were far too pressing to carp about a minor concession being conceded to the Muslim League

63. The last constitutional provision (covering undivided India) passed by the House of Commons was

(a) Government of India Act 1935

(b) Cabinet Mission Plan

(c) Mountbatten (or June 3) Plan

(d) Indian Independence Bill

64. Match the national leaders with papers published by them

List-I                                                    List-II

A. The Maharatta and Kesri                           (i) Annie Besant

B. Bande Matram and The People                (ii) B G Tilak

C. Young India                                             (iii) Lala Lajpat Rai

D. New India                                                   (iv) Mahatma Gandhi


   A B C D

(a) iv iii ii i

(b) ii i iv iii

(c) i ii iii iv

(d) ii iii iv i

65. India was partitioned as a consequence of the formula contained in

(a) Cabinet Mission Plan

(b) Attlee’s Declaration

(c) June 3 Plan or Mountbatten Plan

(d) Both (b) and (c) above

66. Which of the following brought Aurobindo Ghose into the fold of the Indian National Movement?

(a) The famines of 1896-97 and 1899-1900

(b) The partition of Bengal

(c) The Surat Split

(d) The Jallianwala Bagh episode

67. The first Indian to be elected as a member of the British House of Commons was

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji

(b) Surendra Nath Banerjee

(c) Dr BR Ambedkar

(d) C R Das

68. Eminent Tamil Poet C Subramania Bharati was associated with which of the following movements of the Indian National Congress?

(a) Extremist

(b) Non-Cooperation

(c) Civil Disobedience

(d) Quit India

69. The first elected Indian President of the Legislative Assembly was

(a) Motilal Nehru

(b) Rangachariar

(c) CR Das

(d) VJ Patel

70. Shree Narayan Guru was a great socio-religious reformer of

(a) Kerala

(b) Tamil Nadu

(c) Andhra Pradesh

(d) Karnataka

71. Who contemptuously referred to Mahatma Gandhi as a half- naked fakir?

(a) Lord Wavell

(b) Lord Irwin

(c) Lord Willingdon

(d) Winston Churchill

72. Where did Mahatma Gandhi first apply his technique of Satyagraha?

(a) Dandi

(b) Noakhali

(c) England

(d) South Africa

73. Which of the following statements about Mahatma Gandhi’s views on Satyagraha is not correct?

(a) It denotes assertion of the power of the human soul against social, political and economic dominance

(b) It is the exercise of the purest soul force against all injustice, oppression and exploitation

(c) It is the best weapon of the weak against the strong

(d) Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of Satayagraha was based on the acceptance of the concept of self-suffering

74. Which of the following was not one of the techniques of ‘Satyagraha’ advocated by Mahatama Gandhi?

(a) Ahimsa

(b) Fasting

(c) Civil Disobedience

(d) Non-Cooperation

75. Which of the following is not one of the reasons why Mahatma Gandhi is known Ra the Father of Nation?

(a) He was universally adored, admired and respected by all castes, communities and classes

(b) Starting with opposition to the Rowlatt Acts, till the Quit India Movement he was the supreme leader and the main spirit behind the national movement

(c) His social political, economic and religious ideologies were based on Indian values with a very strong moral and ethical content

(d) He was the founder President of the Indian National

76. The youngest President of the Indian National Congress, who held that office at the age of 35, was

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose

(c) Annie Besant

(d) Abul Kalam Azad

77. The first Indian to contest an election to the British House of Commons was

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji

(b) Womesh Chandra Bannerjee

(c) Surendranath Banerjee

(d) Pheroze Shah Mehta

78. Two socio-religious reform movements founded in India in 1875 were

(a) Brahmo Samaj and Prarthana Samaj

(b) Arya Samaj and Ramakrishna Mission

(c) Theosophical Society and Arya Samaj

(d) Aligarh Movement and Servants of Indian Society

79. All India State’s Peoples Conference formed in 1927 launched popular movements in

(a) Princely States

(b) British Provinces

(c) Hill Regions

(d) Tribal Areas

80. The actual name of Dayanand Saraawati, the founder of the Arya Samaj was

(a) Daya Shankar

(b) Mula Shankar

(c) Virjanand

(d) Mool Chandra

81. What was the single most significant contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to Indian History?

(a) He was responsible for the acceptance of the Mountbatten Plan by the Congress

(b) As the Home Minister of free India he brought about the integration of 600-odd Indian States with the Indian Republic

(c) He was the leading light of Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movements

(d) As President of the Indian National Congress he engineered the passing of the Quit India Resolution

82. Which of the following writers did not have a profound influence on the thinking of Mahatma Gandhi?

(a) Tolstoy

(b) Thoreau

(c) Ruskin

(d) Marx

83. Consider the following statements:

1. Holders of the Bharat Ratna decoration find a place higher than Judges of Supreme Court of India in the Indian order of precedence

2. First person to get Bharat Ratna posthumously was Lal Bahadur Shastri

Which among the above statements is / are correct?

(A) Only 1 is true

(B) Only 2 is true

(C) Both are true

(D) Both are untrue

84.Which among the following was the apex court in of India during the British Era?

(A) Federal Court

(B) Presidency Supreme Court

(C) Privy Council

(D) Supreme Court of England

85.Consider the following:

1. She is the first person of Indian origin to be canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church

2. A commemorative coin was issued by the Government of India in her memory in 2009.

3. She is only the second Indian to be elevated to sainthood after the 16th century martyr, Gonsalo Garcia, who was canonized in 1862

Who among the following fits in the above three criteria?

(A) Mother Teresa

(B) Saint Alphonsa

(C) Saint Paulina

(D) Gemma Galgani

86.From which of the following, East India Company aquired Bombay on a lease on 27 March 1668?

(A) British Empire

(B) Spain

(C) Portugal

(D) France

87.Which among the following was the source of money for “Clive Fund“?

(A) His salary and emoluments in the East India Company

(B) Money earned by him as gifts and bribes from the Indians

(C) Money left by Mir Jafar for him as Gift

(D) Money confiscated from the Beghum of Nawab of Awadh

88.Who among the following brought the first Printing Machine in India?

(A) Portuguese

(B) French

(C) Dutch

(D) British

89.The Treaty of Segauli defined the relations of the British India with which among the following neighbors?

(A) Bhutan

(B) Burma

(C) China

(D) Nepal

90.who among the following published leaders Sambad Kaumudi” ?

(A) Raja Rammohan Roy

(B) Dayanand Saraswati

(C) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

(D) Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya

91.In which of the following years, first commercial civil aviation flight took place in India between Allahabad and Naini?

(A) 1910

(B) 1911

(C) 1912

(D) 1915

92.Consider the following events:

1. First Round Table Conference

2. Pakistan Declaration

3. Poona Pact

4. Gandhi Irwin Pact

Which among the following represents the correct chronological order of the above events?

(A) 1 , 2, 3, 4

(B) 1, 4, 3, 2,

(C) 4, 3, 2, 1

(D) 3, 4, 2, 1

93.Who among the following repealed the Vernacular Press Act ?

(A) Lord Lytton

(B) Lord Ripon

(C) Lord Dufferin

(D) Lord Lansdowne

94.In which year, Imperial Records Department (IRD) was established, which is now known as National Archives of India?

(A) 1885

(B) 1887

(C) 1889

(D) 1891

95.The name of which of the following women is known for working in close association with Chadra Shekhar Aazad in the famous Kakori train dacoity?

(A) Raj Kumari Gupta

(B) Kusum Agraval

(C) Prakashvati Yakshapal

(D) Basanti Devi

96.In the wake of the partition of Bengal in 1905, Bengal saw some new movements such as boycott, Swadeshi, National Education etc. Out of them, the “boycott” was inspired by most probably which among the following contemporary events?

(A) Boycott of all foreign goods by Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa

(B) Boycott of American goods by Chinese

(C) Boycott of some English Land Agents by the Irish people

(D) Boycott of Japanese products in China

97.Consider the following:

1. French

2. British

3. Portuguese

4. Dutch

The Battle of Swally Hole of 1615 was fought between which among the above?

(A) 1 & 2

(B) 2 & 3

(C) 3 & 4

(D) 1 & 4

98.” India after the war will become a running sore which will sap the strength of British Empire”

Who among the following had expressed this thought?

(A) Lord Wavell

(B) Lord Linlithgow

(C) Lord Mountbatten

(D) Sir Stafford Cripps

99.In which year, Land Holder’s society was established in India?

(A) 1806

(B) 1828

(C) 1838

(D) 1850

100.The Swaraj Party was divided into factions after the death of C.R.Das and its ‘Responsivists’ faction worked for/by:

(A) Safeguarding the hindu interests by cooperating with the British Government.

(B) Creating obstacles in legislative process by acting as dissenters.

(C) Cooperating with the No-Changers of the Congress in the favour of constructive programme of Gandhi.

(D) Maintaining a separate identity of the Party within the Congress.

101.The resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Policy were passed in which of the following sessions of the Indian National Congress?

(A) Belgaum,1934

(B) Lahore,1929

(C) Karachi,1931

(D) Faizpur,1936

102.In which year, the Danish East India company was formed?

(A) 1614

(B) 1615

(C) 1616

(D) 1617

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