Master in Geography for UPSC IAS Civil Services Exam

Master in GeographyGeography Course for UPSC IAS Civil Services Exam: This course covers all the mentioned topics for Geography from the syllabus of GS Paper 1 for UPSC pre cum mains exam which covers topic wise MCQs and Notes for Prelims and Practice solved questions for mains examination.

What you will get ?

  1. Topic wise MCQs with explaination.
  2. Topic wise short/important notes.
  3. Topic wise practice questions with answer (As per UPSC requirement) for mains exam.
  4. Topic wise current affairs (if any)
  5. PDF (point 1-4)
  6. Doubt clearing session by subject experts

The Solar System & Geologic Time Scale

  • The Universe, Big Bang Theory, Dark Energy, Gravitational waves
  • Star Formation (Stellar Evolution or Life Cycle Of A Star)
  • Solar System Formation: Nuclear Disc Model (neo-Laplacian model)
  • Sun’s Internal Structure and Atmosphere, Solar Wind
  • Planets of the Solar System & Other Solar System Objects


  • Fluvial Depositional Landforms | Types of Deltas
  • Glacial Landforms: Erosional and Depositional
  • Marine Landforms and Cycle of Erosion | Coastlines
  • Arid Landforms: Wind Eroded & Water Eroded
  • Karst Landforms & Cycle of Erosion | Stalactite & Stalagmite
  • Lake | Classification of Lakes (types of lakes)
  • Important Lakes on Earth & Facts About Lakes
  • Plateau Formation & Types of Plateaus | Major Plateaus of The World
  • Direct & Indirect Sources for Understanding the Earth’s Interior
  • Seismic waves, Shadow Zone of P-waves and S-waves
  • Earth’s Layers: Crust, Mantle & Core, Seismic Discontinuities
  • Earth’s Magnetic Field, Dynamo theory, Magnetosphere
  • Geomagnetic Reversal, Magnetic Declination & Inclination (Dip)
  • Endogenic Geomorphic Movements: Epeirogenic & Orogenic
  • Exogenic Geomorphic Movements: Denudation & Weathering
  • Continental Drift Theory: Evidences and Drawbacks, Tectonics
  • Paleomagnetism, See Floor Spreading, Convectional Currents
  • Plate Tectonics vs. Continental Drift and See Floor Spreading
  • Tectonic Plates & their interactions, Indian Plate Movement
  • Ocean-Ocean Convergence and Volcanic Island Arc Formation
  • Continent-Ocean Convergence, Formation of Fold Mountains
  • Continent-Continent Convergence, Formation of the Himalayas
  • Divergent Boundary, The Great Rift Valley (African Rift Valley)
  • Classification of Mountains on the basis of Location, Origin
  • Fold & Fault in Geology, Fold Mountains and Block Mountains
  • Major Mountain Ranges of the World, Highest Mountain Peaks
  • Volcanism: Andesitic & Basaltic Lava, Distribution of Volcanoes
  • Volcanic Landforms: Extrusive & Intrusive Volcanic Landforms
  • Volcanism: Explosive, Strombolian, Vulcanian, Plinian, Pelean
  • Hotspot Volcanism, Mantle plumes, Flood Basalt, Supervolcanoe
  • Rocks: Igneous, Sedimentary & Metamorphic Rocks, Rock cycle
  • Earthquakes: Causes & Distribution, Shallow & Deep Quakes
  • Richter Magnitude Scale & Earthquakes of Varying Strengths
  • Tsunami: Mechanism & Properties, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
  • Soil Erosion: Wind and Water Erosion, Rill and Gully erosion
  • Fluvial Erosional Landforms: Meander, Oxbow Lake, Peneplain
  • Drainage Patterns: Concordant, Discordant, Dendritic, Trellis


  • Latitudes & Longitudes | Standard Time
  • Motions of the earth: Rotation and Revolution
  • Atmosphere: Role, Structure & Composition
  • Temperature Distribution on Earth & Heat Budget
  • Adiabatic Lapse Rate | Latent Heat of Condensation
  • Atmospheric Pressure Belts and Wind Systems
  • Factors Affecting Wind movement | Coriolis Force
  • Types of Winds: Permanent, Secondary & Local Winds
  • Temperature Inversion: Types & Effects on Weather
  • Geostrophic Wind, Jet Streams & Rossby Waves
  • Major Jet Steams: Subtropical Jet Stream & Polar Jet Stream
  • Air Mass | Air masses based on Source Regions
  • Fronts | Types of Fronts: Stationary Front, Warm Front, Cold Front & Occluded Front
  • Humidity: Relative Humidity & Dew point
  • Condensation | Forms of Condensation: Dew, Fog, Frost, Mist | Types of Clouds
  • Smog: Photochemical smog & Sulfurous smog
  • Precipitation: Types of Precipitation | Types of Rainfall
  • Thunderstorm | Thunder & Lightning | Tornado
  • Tropical Cyclones: Favorable Conditions for Formation, Stages of Formation & Structure
  • Storm Surge | Naming of Cyclones | Cyclones in Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal
  • Temperate Cyclones (Mid Latitude Cyclone or Extra tropical cyclones or Frontal Cyclones)
  • Comparison of Tropical Cyclones & Temperate Cyclones
  • El Nino | ENSO | La Nina | El Nino Modoki | Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)
  • Polar Vortex & Ozone Hole (Ozone Depletion)
  • Rainforest Climate (Tropical Evergreen Climate)
  • Monsoon Climate | Monsoon Forests
  • Savanna Climate (Tropical Wet Dry Climate)
  • Desert Climate | Hot Deserts & Mid-Latitude Deserts
  • Steppe Climate (Temperate Grassland Climate)
  • Mediterranean Climate (Western Margin Climate)
  • China Type Climate, Gulf Type Climate & Natal Type Climate
  • British Type Climate (European Maritime Climate)
  • Taiga Climate | Coniferous Forests & Lumbering
  • Laurentian Climate | Fishing off Newfoundland & Japan
  • Tundra Climate (Polar Climate or Arctic Climate)


  • Major and Minor Ocean Relief Features
  • Marginal seas of the world | Bay, Gulf, Strait, Isthmus
  • Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean & Indian Ocean
  • Ocean currents: Forces Responsible For Ocean Currents | Desert Formation and Ocean Currents
  • Pacific Ocean Currents | Phytoplankton and Fishing
  • Atlantic Ocean Currents | Sargasso Sea
  • Indian Ocean Currents | Effect of Monsoons on North Indian Ocean Currents
  • Vertical & Horizontal Temperature Distribution of Oceans
  • Ocean Salinity: Vertical & Horizontal Distribution of Ocean Salinity
  • Tides: Spring Tide & Neap Tide| Tidal Bulge | Tidal Bore
  • Coral Reef: Fringing Reef, Barrier Reef & Atoll
  • Coral Reef Bleaching and Ideal Conditions for Coral Growth

Indian Geography

  • India: Geographical Extent & Frontiers
  • Indian Rock System: Archaean, Purana, Dravidian & Aryan Rock System
  • Himalayan Ranges: Shiwaliks, Middle Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, Trans-Himalayas & Purvanchal
  • Regional Divisions of Indian Himalayas
  • Himalayas: Glaciers, Valleys & Snowline
  • Major Mountain Passes in India & Himalayas
  • Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra Plain | Bhabar, Terai, Bhangar, Khadar
  • Divisions of Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra Plains
  • Peninsular Plateau (Deccan Plateau) | Plateaus in the Peninsular Region
  • Hills of Peninsular India: Aravalis, Vindhyas, Satpuras, Western & Eastern Ghats
  • Coastline of India | Coastal Plains of India
  • Indian Islands: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep Islands & New Moore Island
  • Drainage patterns: Discordant drainage patterns & Concordant Drainage Patterns
  • Classification of Drainage Systems of India
  • Indus River System: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas & Satluj
  • Ganga-Brahmaputra River System: Major Tributaries of The Ganga & Brahmaputra
  • Peninsular River System vs. Himalayan River System
  • East Flowing Peninsular Rivers: Godavari, Krishna & Mahanadi
  • East Flowing Peninsular Rivers: Cauvery, Pennar, Subarnarekha, Ponnaiyar & Vaigai
  • West Flowing Peninsular Rivers: Narmada, Tapti, Sabarmati, Mahi, Luni & Ghaggar
  • Mechanism of Indian Monsoons
  • Indian Monsoon Mechanism: Jet Stream Theory
  • Indian Monsoons: Role of Tropical Easterly Jet, Tibet, Somali Jet & Indian Ocean Dipole
  • Indian Monsoons: South West Monsoons & North East Monsoons
  • Western Disturbances | Cloudburst
  • Indian Climate | Factors Affecting Indian Climate
  • Indian Climate: Summer & Winter Seasons
  • Indian Climate: South West Monsoon Season
  • Indian Climate: Retreating Monsoon Season (North East Monsoons)
  • Stamp’s & Koeppen’s Classification of Climatic Regions of India
  • Natural Vegetation of India: Moist Tropical, Dry Tropical, Montane Sub-tropical, Montane Temperate & Alpine Forests
  • Soil Types: Sandy, Clayey & Loamy | Soil Profile (Soil Horizon)
  • Factors that influence soil formation in Indian Conditions
  • Major Soil Types of India: Alluvial Soils & Black Soils
  • Major Soil Types of India: Red Soils, Lateritic Soils & Alkaline Soils

Economic Geography

  • Iron Ore Distribution across the World
  • Iron Ore Distribution in India | Types of Iron Ore
  • Coal | Types of Coal: Peat, Lignite, Bituminous Coal & Anthracite Coal
  • Distribution of Coal in India: Gondwana Coalfields & Tertiary Coalfields
  • Distribution of Coal across the World
  • Distribution of Petroleum and Mineral Oil in India
  • World distribution of Petroleum and Mineral Oil
  • Natural Gas Distribution: India & World
  • Unconventional Gas Resources: Shale Gas & Coalbed Methane
  • Manganese Ore Distribution across India & World
  • Gold & Silver Distribution across India & World
  • Copper, Nickel & Chromite Distribution across India & World
  • Bauxite, Lead & Zinc, Tungsten & Pyrites Distribution across India and World
  • Nuclear Fission, Components of Nuclear Reactor, Types of Nuclear Reactors
  • Uranium & Thorium Distribution across India & World
  • India’s Three-Stage Nuclear Power Programme
  • Diamond & Graphite Distribution across India & World
  • Mica, Limestone & other Non-Metallic Minerals in India
  • Heat wave and Urban Heat Island – Causes and Effects
  • Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)

Geography Current Affairs and Contemporary Issues

Location Based Topics

  • Major and Important locations of world, National Parks and Tiger Reserves of India with Maps

All the best.

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