Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 2

Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 MCQs: Most Probable Prelims Questions – New PDF Compilations of Important MCQs Also Available for Download. These questions will be highly useful for aspirants preparing as it covers both static and current topics. Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 2

UPSC Prelims 2021 MCQs mainly covered from major newspapers / PIB / Yojana and analysis of previous year question papers. 10000 Most Probable Prelims Questions and Answers now available as PDF Compilation.

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1. Article 142 of the Indian Constitution, sometimes in news is related to

 (a) Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

 (b) Measures taken by the Supreme Court to do complete justice

 (c) Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts

 (d) Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs

2. The Open Skies Treaty (OST) was in news recently, is related to which of the following?

 (a) Reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms

 (b) Limit the export of nuclear equipment

 (c) Freedoms of the Air

 (d) Program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over the entire territory of its participants

3. Who is Uighurs?

 (a) an Iranic ethnic group native to a mountainous region of Western Asia.

 (b) an ethnic group, largely comprising Muslims, who predominantly live in the Western Myanmar province of Rakhine.

 (c) A Muslim minority community concentrated in China’s northwestern Xinjiang province.

 (d) None of the above

4. Consider the following statements regarding Group of Seven (G7) countries.

1. The Group of Seven (G7) is an international intergovernmental economic organization consisting of the seven largest IMF-described advanced economies in the world.

2. India was invited as a non-member country for the 2021 G7 summit.

3. Canada, France, Japan and China are the members of G7 countries.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 and 2

 b) 1 and 3

 c) 2 and 3

 d) 1, 2 and 3

5. Consider the following statements regarding 5G mobile network.

1. 5G technology is meant to deliver higher multi-Gbps peak data speeds, ultra-high latency, more reliability and massive network capacity.

2. 5G wireless devices will connect to the Internet and telephone network by radio waves through a local antenna.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

6. With reference to communication technologies, what is/are the difference / differences between LTE (Long-Term Evolution) and VoLTE (Voice over Long-Term Evolution)?

1. LTE ‘is commonly marketed as 3G and VoLTE is commonly marketed as advanced 3G.

2. LTE is data-only technology and VoLTE is voice-only technology.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

7. Consider the following statements:

1. He acted as de facto Commander-in-chief of the Indian army during the political integration of India and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.

2. He was appointed as the 49th President of Indian National Congress.

3. He was associated with Operation Polo.

4. He was posthumously conferred the Bharat Ratna.

The person associated with the above statements is?

 (a) Lal Bahadur Shastri

 (b) Vallabhbhai Patel

 (c) Jawaharlal Nehru

 (d) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari

8. With the reference to educational institutions during rule in India, consider the following pairs:

              Institution                                           Founder

1.         Sanskrit College            William Jones at Banaras

2.         Calcutta Madras            Warren Hastings

3.         Fort William Arthur       Wellesley College

Which of the pairs given below is/are correct?

 a) 1 and 2

 (b) 2 only

 (c) 1 and 3

 (d) 3 only

9. Regarding Wood’s Dispatch, which of the following statements are true?

1.         Grants-in-Aid system was introduced.

2.         Establishment of universities was recommended.

3.         English as a medium of instruction at all levels of education was recommended.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 (a) 1 and 2 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 and 3 only

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

10. International Labour Organisation, Conventions 138 and 182 are related to

 (a) Child labour

 (b) Adaptation of agricultural practices to global climate change

 (c) Regulation of food prices and food security

 (d) Gender parity at the workplace

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11. With reference to Welfare policies in India, consider the following statements

1.         Skills Build platform launched by Directorate General of Supplies under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE)

2.         Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a flagship scheme of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE)

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

12. Which of the following statements is/are incorrect regarding Judicial Review?

1.         Indian Constitution confers the power of judicial review to Supreme Court only.

2.         The purpose of the judicial review is to review constitutional amendments only.

3.         Judicial review is not a part of the basic structure of the constitution.

Select the correct answer code:

 (a) 1 only

 b) 2 and 3

 c) 1, 2 and 3

 d) None of the above

13. With reference to the Constitution of India, prohibitions or limitations or provisions contained in ordinary laws cannot act as prohibitions or limitations on the constitutional powers under Article 142. It could mean which one of the following?

 (a) The decisions taken by the Election Commission of India while discharging its duties cannot be challenged in any court of law.

 (b) The Supreme Court of India is not constrained in the exercise of its powers by laws made by the Parliament.

 (c) In the event of grave financial crisis in the country, the President of India can declare Financial Emergency without the counsel from the Cabinet.

 (d) State Legislatures cannot make laws on certain matters without the concurrence of Union Legislature.

14. In the context of India which one of the following is the characteristic appropriate for Bureaucracy?

 (a) An agency for widening the scope for parliamentary democracy

 (b) An agency for strengthening the structure of federalism

 (c) An agency for facilitating the political stability and economic growth

 (d) An agency for the implementation of public policy

15. Consider the following statements about Joint State Public Service Commissions

1. They are Constitutional bodies

2. Their members are appointed by President

Which of the statements above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

16. Consider the following statements about the composition of State Public Service Commission

1. The number of members in the Commission is not prescribed in the Constitution, but left to the Parliament to make a law.

2. The members should have held office under either state or central government.

Which of the statements above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

17. Consider the following statements about National Innovation Foundation (NIF) – India:

1. It is an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India.

2. It is India’s national initiative to strengthen the grassroots technological innovations and outstanding traditional knowledge.

Which of the given above statements is/are incorrect?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

18. Consider the following statements regarding Forest Fires.

1. The youngest mountain ranges of Himalayas are susceptible to forest fires.

2. The forests of Eastern Himalayas are more frequently vulnerable to forest fires as compared to those in Western Himalayas.

3. Fire lines are strips without greenery or dried twigs to prevent forest fires from spreading.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 and 2

 b) 2 and 3

 c) 1 and 3

 d) 1, 2 and 3

19. “3D, printing” has applications in which the following?

1. Preparation of confectionery items

2. Manufacture of bionic ears

3. Automotive industry

4. Reconstructive surgeries

5. Data processing technologies

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 (a) 1, 3 and 4 only

 (b) 2, 3 and 5 only

 (c) 1 and 4 only

 (d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

20. Consider the following statements

1. In India, State Governments do not have the power to auction non-coal mines.

2. Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand do not have gold mines.

3. Rajasthan has iron ore mines.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2

 (b) 2 only

 (c) 1 and 3

 (d) 3 only

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21. With reference to the cultural history of India, consider the following statements:

White marble was used in Mughal Buland Darwaza and Khankah at Fatehpur Sikri.

Red sandstone and marble were used in making Bara lmambara and Rumi Darwaza at Lucknow.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

22. With reference to Mughal India, what is/are the difference/differences between Jagirdar and Zamindar?

  1. Jagirdars were holders of land assignments in lieu of judicial and police duties, whereas Zamindars were holders of revenue rights without obligation to perform any duty other than revenue collection.
  2. Land assignments to Jagirdars were hereditary and revenue rights of Zamindars were not hereditary.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

23. Who among the following Mughal Emperors shifted emphasis from illustrated manuscripts to album and individual portrait?

 (a) Humayun

 (b) Akbar

 (c) Jahangir

 (d) Shah Jahan

24. Consider the following statements regarding Polar vortex.

  1. The polar vortex is a large area of high pressure and cold air surrounding the Earth’s North and South poles.
  2. The polar vortex spins in the stratosphere.
  3. During winter in the Northern Hemisphere, the polar vortex will become less stable, sending cold Arctic air southward over the United States.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2

 b) 2 and 3

 c) 1 and 3

 d) 1, 2 and 3

25. In September 2018, the Supreme Court unanimously struck down Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code that makes adultery a punishable offence for men. The said section was found to be against the spirit of with which of the following articles of the Indian Constitution?

1. Article 21 (Right to life and personal liberty).

2. Article 14 (Right to equality).

3. Article 19 (Right to freedom of speech and expression).

Select the correct answer using the code below:

 (a) 1 and 2

 (b) 2 and 3

 (c) 1 and 3

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

26. Consider the following statements:

1. The concept of Curative Petition borrowed from Britain.

2. The concept of the curative petition is supported by Article 145 of the Indian Constitution.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

27. With reference to Paracel Islands, consider the following statements:

1. It is a group of islands located in the South China Sea

2. They are jointly occupied China, Vietnam and Taiwan

3. Most of the islands are coral islands and reefs

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 and 2

 b) 1 and 3

 c) 2 and 3

 d) 1, 2 and 3

28. Consider the following statements:

1. The Reserve Bank of India’s recent directives relating to unauthorized Digital Lending Platforms/Mobile Apps, provides that Public should never use unauthorized digital lending platforms and mobile apps.

2. Public should verify antecedents of the company/ firm offering loans online or through mobile apps.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

29. With reference to Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, consider the following statements:

  1. The scheme is compulsory for loanee farmers availing Crop Loan /KCC account for notified crops and voluntary for other others.
  2. The scheme is being administered by concerned State Government.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

30. Which of the following are the objectives of the Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC)?

1. Providing employment in rural areas.

2. Providing salable articles.

3. Creating self-reliance amongst people and building up a strong rural community spirit

4. Establishing a major Khadi industry in every village

Select the correct answer code:

 a) 1, 3 and 4

 b) 1, 2 and 4

 c) 1, 2 and 3

 d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


31. Consider the following statements regarding the procedure for Impeachment of President of India.

1. The President in India can be removed on grounds of treason, bribery, high crimes or misdemeanor.

2. The charges of impeachment can be initiated in either house of the Parliament.

3. Till now the impeachment proceeding has been passed only once by the parliament.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

 a) 1 and 2

 b) 2 and 3

 c) 3 only

 d) 1, 2 and 3

32. Consider the following statements:

1. The- motion to impeach a Judge of the Supreme Court of India cannot be rejected by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha as per the Judges (Inquiry) Act, 1968.

2. The Constitution of India defines and gives details of what Constitutes ‘incapacity and proved misbehavior’ of the Judges of the Supreme Court of India.

3. The details of the process of impeachment of the Judges of the Supreme Court of India are given in the Judges (Inquiry) Act, 1968.

4. If the motion for the impeachment of a Judge is taken up for voting, the law requires the motion to be backed by each House of the Parliament and supported by a majority of total membership of that House and by not less than two-thirds of total members of that House present and voting.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2

 (b) 3 only

 (c) 3 and 4 only

 (d) 1, 3 and 4

33. Consider the following statements about Animal Welfare Board of India::

1. It established in 1962 under Section 4 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.

2. It was started under the stewardship of Mrinalini Sarabhai.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

34. Consider the following statements about Pangong Tso:

1. It was created by an asteroid collision with earth impact during the Pleistocene Epoch.

2. It is a salt water lake.

3. It is a part of the Indus river basin area.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2

 (b) 2 Only

 (c) 2 and 3

 (d) 1 and 3

35. Consider the following statements regarding UN Security Council.

1. It is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.

2. The presidency of the Council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States names.

3. It was established in 1945 and headquartered in Geneva.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 and 3

 c) 1, 2 and 3

 d) 1 and 2

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36.  Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi:

1. It is implemented as a central sector scheme by the Government of India.

2. This scheme was introduced to augment the source of income of many small and marginal farmers.

3. The entire responsibility of identification of beneficiaries rests with the State / UT Governments.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2

 (b) 2 and 3

 (c) 1 and 3

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

37. Consider the following statements about Gaganyaan

1. ISRO and NASA have agreed to work together for India’s first manned space mission Gaganyaan.

2. India is planning to send three humans (Gaganyatris) into space i.e. in low earth orbit (LEO) by 2022.

3. This mission will make India fourth nation in the world after USA, Russia and China to launch human spaceflight mission.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 and 2

 b) 1 and 3

 c) 2 and 3

 d) 1, 2 and 3

38.  With reference to Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, consider the following statements:

1. Under UAPA, both Indian and foreign nationals can be charged.

2. The Act empowers the Director General of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to grant approval of seizure or attachment of property when the case is investigated by the said agency.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

39. The Dzukou Valley is situated in?

 a) Kashmir Himalayas

 b) Darjiling and Sikkim Himalayas

 c) Arunachal Himalayas

 d) None of the above

40. Consider the following pairs:

               Pass                             State

1.         Banihal Pass                     Himachal Pradesh

2.         Niti Pass                            Uttarakhand

3.         Jelepla Pass                          Jammu and Kashmir

4.         Bom Di La                        Arunachal Pradesh

5.         Bara Lacha La                        Sikkim

Which of the above are incorrectly matched?

 a) 2 and 4

 b) 1, 2 and 4

 c) 2, 3 and 5

 d) 1, 3 and 5

41. Consider the following statements regarding Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI).

1. OCI Scheme was introduced by The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1955.

2. OCI cardholders have no right to vote, no right to hold constitutional offices, and no right to buy agricultural properties.

3. Recently the Government held that OCI card holders enjoy fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution, including the right to freedom of speech and expression.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

 a) 1 and 2

 b) 2 and 3

 c) 3 only

 d) 1 and 3


42. Which of the given below statement is/are correct?

1. It is a compulsory termination of Indian citizenship by the Central government, if the citizen has shown disloyalty to the Constitution of India

2. The citizen has been ordinarily resident out of India for five years continuously

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only       

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

43. According to the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) ‘One-China’ policy

 a) States conducting bilateral diplomacy with PRC must acknowledge the existence of only one state called “China”.

 b) States wanting to pursue bilateral diplomacy with PRC must severe all formal ties with Taiwan – which officially calls itself the “Republic of China”.

 c) Both Taiwan and China have recognised that there exists only one entity by name “China”, but there is disagreement over which government truly represents this “China”.

 d) Both statements (a) and (b)

44. Consider the following statements:

1. The GST Council is India’s first experience at a cooperative-federalism based decision-making authority.

2. The 122nd constitution amendment bill and all legislations enabling the GST were passed unanimously by the Parliament.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

45. Consider the following statements with reference to State of Jharkhand, India:

1. It shares border with five states

2. Climate of Jharkhand varies from Humid subtropical in the north to tropical wet and dry in the south-east

3. Much of Jharkhand lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2

 (b) 2 and 3

 (c) 1 and 3

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

46. Consider the following statements:

1. Vanadium is a high value metal used in strengthening steel and titanium.

2. The largest deposits of Vanadium are in China, followed by India and South Korea.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

47. Consider the following statements regarding Pardoning powers of President.

1. The power of pardon shall be exercised by the President on the advice of Council of Ministers.

2. Both President and Governor can grant pardon in all cases including sentence of death.

3. The constitution provides the mechanism to question the legality of decisions of President or governors exercising mercy jurisdiction.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 and 2 only

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

48. Consider the following statements regarding office of Deputy Chairman

1. Deputy Chairman is subordinate to the Chairman.

2. He resigns by writing to the President of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

49. Consider the following statements regarding Qualifications to be eligible for election as Vice-President

1. He should have completed 35 years of age.

2. He should be a member of the Rajya Sabha.

3. He should not hold any office of profit under the Union government or any state government.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 1 and 3 only

 (c) 2 and 3 only

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

50. Who among the following are members of Inter-State Council?

1. Prime minister as the Chairman

2. Chief Ministers of all the states

3. Six Central cabinet ministers, including the home minister.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 and 2 only

 (b) 1 and 3 only

 (c) 2 and 3 only

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

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51. The ‘Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India’ case, recently in the news, is related to

 a) Triple talaq

 b) Section 377 of Indian Penal Code

 c) Uniform civil code

 d) Criminal defamation of Indian Penal Code


52. Right to religion can be constrained if in case of

1. Public health emergency

2. State can interfere if “lower castes” are not allowed in Hindu temples

Select the right code

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

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