[IAS Mains 2020] GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 (GS1) – UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM (CSE) 2020

9 January 2021: Question Paper – UPSC IAS Civil Services (Main) Exam – 2020: General Studies Paper – 1. UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper 1. [ GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 1 ] : UPSC MAINS CIVIL SERVICES IAS EXAM 2020 QUESTION PAPER: [IAS Mains 2020] GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 (GS1) – UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM (CSE) 2020.

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[UPSC Mains 2020] GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 (GS1) – UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM (CSE) 2020


Q.1) The rock-cut architecture represents one of the most important sources of our knowledge of early Indian art and history. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.2) Pala period is the most significant phase in the history of Buddhism in India. Enumerate. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.3) Evaluate the policies of Lord Curzon and their long term implications on the national movement. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.4) Discuss the geophysical characteristics of the Circum-Pacific zone. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.5) The process of desertification does not have climatic boundaries. Justify with examples. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.6) How will the melting of Himalayan glaciers have a far-reaching impact on the water resources of India? (Answer in 150 words)

Q.7) Account for the present location of Iron and steel industries away from the source of raw material, by giving examples. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.8) Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multi-cultural Indian society? Elaborate your answer with illustrations. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.9) COVID-19 pandemic accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India. Comment (Answer in 150 words)

Q.10) Do you agree that regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness? Argue. (Answer in 150 words)

Q.11) Indian philosophy and tradition played a significant role in conceiving and shaping the monuments and art in India.Discuss (Answer in 250 words)

Q.12) Persian literary sources of medieval India reflect the spirit of the age. Comment? (Answer in 250 words)

Q.13) Since the decade of 1920s, the national movement acquired various ideological strands and thereby expanded its social base. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words)

Q.14) The interlinking of rivers can provide viable solutions to the multidimensional interrelated problems of droughts, floods, and interrupted navigation. Critically examine (Answer in 250 words)

Q.15) Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (Answer in 250 words)

Q.16) India has immense potential of solar energy though there are regional variations in its development. ELaborate (Answer in 250 words)

Q.17) Examine the status of forest resources of India and its resultant impact on climate change. (Answer in 250 words)

Q.18) Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer. (Answer in 250 words)

Q.19) Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. Do you agree? (Answer in 250 words)

Q.20) How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate your answer. (Answer in 250 words)

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UPSC IAS Mains Exam: General Studies Paper-1: The Civil Services Examination is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service and Indian Police Service.

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General Studies 1 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);
  • factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,
  • Geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

 Topic Covered:-

  1. Salient features of world’s physical geography
  2. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  3. Effects of globalization on Indian society
  4. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone
  5. Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society
  6. Distribution of key natural resources across the world
  7. Role of women and women’s organization
  8. Urbanization, their problems and their remedies
  9. Population and associated issues
  10. Poverty and developmental issues
  11. Indian culture: the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
  12. World History: World wars
  13. World History: colonization and de-colonization
  14. World History: Industrial revolution from 18th century

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