Buddhism and Jainism: NCERT History MCQs for UPSC IAS/State PSC and other exams

Buddhism and Jainism: NCERT History MCQs for UPSC IAS/State PSC and other exams: History is equally important for the IAS Prelims and IAS Mains Exam. Globally, History is divided under the three sub-sections i.e. Ancient History, Medieval History and Modern History. NCERT based MCQs of Indian History for IAS Prelims General Studies Paper-1.

Buddhism and Jainism: NCERT History MCQs for UPSC IAS/State PSC and other exams preparation. For the aspirants of the Civil Services IAS Exam, it is very important to choose the study materials for IAS Exam which are more informative as well as less exhaustive to study. As you know that the History syllabus provided by UPSC for the IAS Prelims Exam is so vast and much comprehensive. A number of questions used to be asked in the IAS Prelims Exam from the subject History including the three sections of this subject i.e. Ancient History, Medieval History and Modern History. So, the IAS Exam aspirants need to study the subject History very hard to crack IAS Prelims Exam. An authenticated and more comprehensive Study Material could be helpful for IAS preparation for IAS Prelims Exam.


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NCERT History MCQs for UPSC IAS/State PSC and other exams

1. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the Charvaka School of philosophy?

1. Brihaspati is supposed to be the founder of the Charvaka School of philosophy.

2. It deals with the materialistic philosophy.

3. There is no other world.

4. The whole universe according to them is thus consisted of five elements i.e. earth, water, fire, air and ether.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2. Consider the following statements:

1. During the sixth century BC numerous religious sects arose in the mid-Gangetic plains as a result of an upheaval of new ideas and the resulting rise of new philosophical tenets.

2. Sixth century BC also witnessed many religious movements in different parts of the world.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

(a)   1 only       (b) 2 only

(c)    1 and 2 both        (d) None

3. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the Jain philosophy?

1. Like the Charvakas, the Jains too do not believe in the Vedas.

2. They admit the existence of a soul.

3. They agree that suffering (pain) can be stopped by controlling the mind and by seeking right knowledge and perception and by observing the right conduct.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1 and 2 only        (b) 2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only        (d) 1, 2 and 3

4. Match the following.

              (Name)          (Symbol)

1.         Rishabha         (i)  Lion

2          Ajitnath           (ii) Bull

3.         Parswanath      (iii) Elephant

4.         Mahavir           (iv) Serpent

Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

(a)    1-i, 2-ii, 3-iii, 4-iv           

(b) 1-ii 2-iii, 3- iv, 4- i

(c)    1- ii, 2-iii, 3-i,  4-iv         

(d)   1-iii, 2-ii, 3-i, 4- iv

5. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the Buddhism?

1. It is believed that soon after the Buddha’s death a council was called at Rajagriha where Upali recited the Sutta Pitaka and Ananda recited the Vinaya Pitaka.

2. It considered the world as full of misery.

3. Man’s duty is to seek liberation from this painful world.

4. It strongly criticised blind faith in the traditional scriptures like the Vedas.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

6. The knowledge realized by Buddha is reflected in the four noble truths which includes:

1. There is suffering in human life.

2. There is cause of suffering

3. There is cessation of suffering

4. Path of Liberation is Yajna (sacrifice)

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

7. Which of the following are four Noble Truths of Buddha’s teachings?

1. The world is full of sorrow.

2. There are causes of sorrow.

3. This sorrow can be stopped.

4. Freedom from sorrow is possible by practicing Nirjara.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) None

8. Which of the following are among the eight fold path of Buddhism?

1. Right speech

2. Right action

3. Right means of livelihood

4. Right mindfulness

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

9. It is believed that soon after the Buddha’s death a council was called at Rajagriha where-

1. Upali recited the Vinaya Pitaka (rules of the order).

2. Ananda recited the Sutta Pitaka (Buddha’s sermons or doctrines and ethics).

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

(a)   1 only                     (b) 2 only

(c)    1 and 2 Both       (d) None

10. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the Second Buddhist Council?

1. It was held in 383 BC.

2. The idea of this council was to settle a dispute on Vinaya Pitaka, the code of discipline.

3. It was held under the patronage of King Kalasoka and the presidency of Sabakami.

4. It was held at Pataliputra.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

11. It means to keep one’s body, heart and mind in their real form. Bad thoughts occupy the mind when their form is forgotten. When actions take place according to the bad thoughts, one has to experience pain. This explanation is related to one of the eightfold paths of Buddism called-

(a) Right Conduct

(b) Right Means of Livelihood

(c) Right Mindfulness

(d) Right Effort

12. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the Buddhist Sangha?

1. The monks were organized into the Sangha for the purpose of spreading his teachings.

2. There was no separate code for nuns in the Sangha.

3. The membership was open to all persons, male or female and without any caste restrictions.

4. The Sangha was governed on democratic lines and was empowered to enforce discipline among its members.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 (c)    (1), (3), and (4)    (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

13. Which of the following are causes for the Decline of Buddhism in India?

1. The revival of Brahmanism and the rise of Bhagavatism led to the fall of popularity of Buddhism.

2. The use of Pali, the language of the masses as the language of Buddhism was given up from the 1st century A.D.

3. After the birth of Mahayana Buddhism, the practice of idol worship and making offerings led to the deterioration of moral standards.

Select the answer from the codes given below –

(a)    1 and 2 only        (b) 2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only        (d) 1, 2 and 3

14. The Tripitakas of Buddhist literature are written in the language:

(a)   Sanskrit    (b) Prakrit

(c)   Pali           (d) Hindi

15. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the contribution of Buddhism to Indian culture?

1. The concept of ahimsa was its chief contribution

2. Its contribution to the art and architecture of India was notable.

3. It promoted education through residential universities like those at Taxila, Nalanda and Vikramasila.

4. The language of Pali and other local languages developed through the teachings of Buddhism.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

16. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to Buddhism?

1. The most important disciples of Buddha were Sariputta, Moggallanna, Ananda, Kassapa and Upali.

2. Kings like Prasenjit of Kosala and Bimbisara and Ajatshatru of Magadha accepted Buddism

3. Buddha did not involve himself in fruitless controversies regarding metaphysical questions like god, soul, karma, rebirth, etc.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1 and 2    (b) 2 and 3

(c)    1 and 3    (d) 1, 2 and 3

17. Consider the following statements regarding Jaina religion?

1. Jain religion does believe in worshipping an individual.

2. It worships the real qualities of a soul who has attained the state of ‘Jin’.

3. ‘Jin’ is one who has destroyed the veils of Karmas on knowledge, intuition and power of soul.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1 and 2 only        (b) 2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only        (d) 1, 2 and 3

18. The religious philosophy of Jainism teaches that there are nine truths or realities (Nav-tattva). Which of the following are among them?

1.         soul (jiva)        2.         non-soul (ajiva)

3.         merit (punya)   4.         sin or demerit (papa) Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

19. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the Jain Philosophy?

1. Jiva is a conscious substance which is different in different individuals.

2. Ajiva is the opposite of jiva comprising of dharma, adharma, akash, pudgala and kala

3. Asrava denotes the inflow of karmic matter by the soul.

4. Samvara means union of jiva with pudgala (matter) or soul with non-soul particles.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1, 2, and 3 only   (b) 2, 3, and 4 only

(c)    1, 3, and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

20. Which of the following statements are correct with regard to the Philosophically an important doctrine of Jain ‘Anekantavad’ ?

1. Reality can be examined from many standpoints.

2. A thing can be described from at least seven standpoints (saptabhangi) and all can be equally true.

3. This  doctrine  has  contributed   to   the   tolerance of contrary opinions among theologians and philosophers.

Select the answer from the codes given below:

(a)    1 and 2 only        (b) 2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3                 (d) 1, 2 and 3

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